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Table 4 Malaria infection and body temperature at time of blood sampling by period of year and location

From: School-based malaria prevalence: informative systematic surveillance measure to assess epidemiological impact of malaria control interventions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Strata   Presence of fever (≥ 37.5 ℃) Blood smear results Total p-value* Prevalence ratio (CI 95%)
Positive (%) Negative (%)
Period May Yes 61 (43.0) 81 (57.0) 142 0.029 1.259 (1.038–1.527)
   No 1782 (34.1) 3441 (65.9) 5223   
  October Yes 75 (41.0) 108 (59.0) 183 0.018 1.258 (1.052–1.504)
   No 1492 (32.6) 3087 (67.4) 4579   
Location Rural Yes 28 (70.0) 12 (30.0) 40 0.144 1.198 (0.972–1.476)
   No 659 (58.4) 469 (41.6) 1128   
  Urban Yes 108 (37.9) 177 (62.1) 285 0.005 1.257 (1.080–1.463)
   No 2615 (30.1) 6059 (69.9) 8674   
Total   Yes 136 (41.8) 189 (58.2) 325 0.002 1.253 (1.099–1.428)
   No 3274 (33.4) 6528 (66.6) 9802   
   Total 3410 6717 10,127