Skip to main content

Table 5 Multilevel correlates of IPTp2 in targeted districts, Madagascar 2014

From: Malaria-related ideational factors and other correlates associated with intermittent preventive treatment among pregnant women in Madagascar

  Model 1
OR (SE)
Model 2
OR (SE)
Fixed effects
 Individual factors
  Education level
   No formal school (RC)   1
   Some primary school   1.05 (0.38)
   Completed primary school   2.13 (0.71)*
   Middle school or higher   1.03 (0.49)
  IPTp/ANC ideation   1.29 (0.14)**
  Level of source exposure
   No exposure (RC)   1
   Low exposure   1.91 (0.55)*
   High exposure   1.73 (0.55)
   Number of ANC visits   1.26 (0.09)**
 District
   Manakara (RC)   1
   Brickaville   7.87 (4.63)***
   Bekily   4.70 (3.40)*
   Morombe   3.89 (2.27)*
   Marovoay   6.32 (3.27)***
   Ambovombe   4.25 (2.35)**
Random effects
   Cluster-level variance 0.90 0.69
   Intraclass correlation 0.215 0.174
   Log likelihood − 318.06 − 287.20
   AIC 640.1 602.4
   n 910 904
  1. Intermittent treatment of malaria in pregnancy is defined as two doses or more of SP, at least one of which was obtained during an ANC visit
  2. AIC Akaikie’s Information Criterion, ANC antenatal care, IPTp intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy, OR odds ratio, RC reference category, SE standard error, SP sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine
  3. * p < 0.05, ** < 0.01, *** < 0.001