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Table 4 Association of socioeconomic status with care-seeking and medication usage in Siaya County, Kenya, 2012

From: Socioeconomic health inequality in malaria indicators in rural western Kenya: evidence from a household malaria survey on burden and care-seeking behaviour

  Care seeking (n = 1182)a Medication use (n = 1180)a
n N % aPR 95% CI p value n N % aPR 95% CI p value
SES
 Poorest 411 598 68.7 0.95 0.87 1.04 0.229 447 598 74.8 0.94 0.87 1.00 0.087
 Less-poor 414 584 70.9 Ref     457 582 78.5 Ref    
Age group (years)
  < 5  535 716 74.7 1.27 1.14 1.40 < 0.001 582 714 81.5 1.27 1.15 1.40 < 0.001
 5–14 124 188 66.0 1.11 0.97 1.29 0.120 142 188 75.5 1.17 1.04 1.32 0.008
  ≥ 15 166 278 59.7 Ref     180 278 64.8 Ref    
Sub-county
 Gem 301 407 74.0 1.05 0.94 1.17 0.391 326 406 80.3 1.10 1.01 1.20 0.037
 Siaya 301 459 66.8 0.91 0.82 1.02 0.110 347 458 75.8 1.02 0.94 1.10 0.657
 Rarieda 223 316 70.6 Ref     231 216 73.1 Ref    
Sex
 Female 460 656 70.1 1.03 0.96 1.11 0.350 500 655 76.3 1.02 0.95 1.08 0.617
 Male 365 526 69.4 Ref     404 525 77.0 Ref    
  1. SES socioeconomic status, aPR adjusted prevalence ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aAmong the surveyed population who self-reported fever in the prior 2 weeks