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Table 2 Comparison of clinical and EEG characteristics (categorical variables) between Malawian and Ugandan children with cerebral malaria (denominators vary due to missing data)

From: Admission EEG findings in diverse paediatric cerebral malaria populations predict outcomes

Variable Uganda (n/N, %) Malawi (n/N, %) p value for difference
Retinopathy positive 87/120 (72.5) 159/159 (100)
HIV reactivity 3/109 (2.8) 13/144 (9.0) 0.0423
Variability (% with) 73/119 (61.3) 78/159 (49.1) 0.0418
Asymmetry (% with) 15/122 (12.3) 49/159 (30.8) 0.0002
Electrographic seizures (% with) 9/122 (7.4) 22/159 (13.8) 0.0867
Spindles (% with) 71/116 (61.2) 65/159 (40.9) 0.0009
Vertex sharp waves (% with) 56/118 (47.5) 39/159 (25.0) < 0.0001
Slowing location (% focal) 5/117 (4.2) 19/159 (11.9) 0.0240
Normal reactivity (% with increase in voltage and/or frequency with stimulus) 4/113 (3.5) 41/153 (26.8) < 0.0001
Paradoxical reactivity (% with decrease in voltage and/or frequency with stimulus) 40/113 (35.4) 27/153 (17.6)