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Table 3 Univariate analysis: Comparison of continuous clinical and EEG variables by outcome (mortality) (mean ± SD)

From: Admission EEG findings in diverse paediatric cerebral malaria populations predict outcomes

Country Clinical or EEG variable Alive (N = 101) Died (N = 21) p value
Uganda Age (years) 3.8 ± 1.9 3.6 ± 2.1 0.77
Glucose (mg/dL) 6.8 ± 3.3 5.6 ± 3.6 0.2622
Parasitemia (parasites/µL) [geometric mean (coefficient of variation)] 30,315.4 (21.9) 53,669.7 (6.5) 0.3463
Lactate (mmol/L) 4.9 ± 3.9 6.7 ± 4.1 0.0467
Average voltage (µV) 68.9 ± 31.9 50.5 ± 27.4 0.018
Maximum voltage (µV) 206.3 ± 71.0 158.0 ± 71.9 0.007
Dominant frequency (Hz) 2.0 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.9 0.02
Country Clinical or EEG variable Alive (N = 137) Died (N = 22) p value
Malawi Age (years) 4.3 ± 2.3 4.1 ± 2.2 0.70
Glucose (mg/dL) 7.1 ± 3.6 7.4 ± 4.1 0.8675
Parasitemia (parasites/µL) [geometric mean (coefficient of variation)] 31,053.5 (25.4) 50,153.1 (13.6) 0.4189
Lactate (mmol/L) 7.2 ± 4.1 8.6 ± 3.8 0.0827
Average voltage (µV) 112.2 ± 54.3 89.3 ± 58.2 0.08
Maximum voltage (µV) 213.8 ± 88.4 184.3 ± 88.2 0.17
Dominant frequency (Hz) 2.4 ± 1.1 1.9 ± 0.9 0.05
Country Clinical or EEG variable Alive (N = 238) Died (N = 43) p value
Uganda + Malawi Age (years) 4.0 ± 2.1 3.8 ± 2.1 0.3459
Glucose (mg/dL) 7.0 ± 3.5 6.5 ± 4.0 0.5049
Parasitemia (parasites/µL) [geometric mean (coefficient of variation)] 30,731.7 (23.5) 51,793.8 (9.0) 0.2168
Lactate (mmol/L) 6.2 ± 4.2 7.7 ± 4.0 0.0170
Average voltage (µV) 93.8 ± 50.8 69.9 ± 49.0 0.0032
Maximum voltage (µV) 210.6 ± 81.4 171.1 ± 80.6 0.0089
Dominant frequency (Hz) 2.2 ± 1.0 1.8 ± 0.9 0.0030