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Table 1 Population characteristics of participants in household surveys and febrile outpatients exiting health facilities

From: Appropriateness of malaria diagnosis and treatment for fever episodes according to patient history and anti-malarial blood measurement: a cross-sectional survey from Tanzania

  Participants in household surveys (N = 6485) Febrile outpatients, health facility exit interviews (N = 226)
N % 95% CI N % 95% CI
Total 6485 100.0 226 100.0
Sex
 Male 2846 43.9 (42.9–45.0) 99 43.8 (38.4–49.2)
 Female 3623 55.9 (55.0–57.0) 127 56.2 (50.8–61.6)
 Missing 16 0.2 0 0.0
Age (years)
 0–4 1153 17.8 (17.0–18.6) 148 65.5 (60.3–70.7)
 5–9 1014 15.6 (14.8–16.3) 48 21.2 (16.8–25.7)
 10–14 775 11.9 (11.3–12.6) 9 4.0 (1.8–6.1)
 15–24 990 15.3 (14.6–16.1) 6 2.7 (0.9–4.4)
 25–44 1437 22.2 (21.4–23.1) 10 4.4 (2.2–6.7)
 45–59 559 8.6 (8.1–9.2) 3 1.3 (0.1–2.6)
 60–100 454 7.0 (6.5–7.65) 2 0.9 (− 0.1 to 1.9)
 Missing 103 1.6 0 0.0
Area
 Urban 2205 34.0 (33.0–35.0) 50 22.1 (17.6–26.7)
 Rural 4280 66.0 (65.0–67.0) 176 77.9 (73.3–82.4)
 Missing 0 0.0   0 0.0  
Region
 Mwanza 2362 36.4 (35.4–37.4) 45 19.9 (15.5–24.3)
 Mbeya 1982 30.6 (29.6–31.5) 37 16.4 (12.3–20.4)
 Mtwara 2141 33.0 (32.1–34.0) 144 63.7 (58.5–69.0)
 Missing 0 0.0 0 0.0
Had a fever in the previous 2 weeksa
 Yes 1039 16.0 (15.3–16.8) 100
 No 5440 83.9 (83.1–84.6) 0
 Don’t know 6 0.1 0
RDT result       
 Positive 1136 17.5 (16.7–18.3) 106 46.9 (41.4–52.4)
 Negative 5346 82.5 (81.7–83.3) 119 52.7 (47.2–58.2)
 Missing 3 0.0 1 0.4
Took any anti-malarial drugs in the previous 4 weeksa
 Yes 810 12.5 (11.8–13.2) NAb   
 No 5664 87.3 (86.7–88.0) NA   
 Don’t know 11 0.2 NA   
  1. aBased on self-report, b Not applicable