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Table 2 Distribution of participants by uptake of IPTp and potential factors affecting uptake

From: Association between timing and number of antenatal care visits on uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy among Malawian women

Variable < 3 doses (n = 4568) ≥ 3 doses (n = 1981) p valuea OR (95% CI)
n (%) n (%)
Age (years)    0.055   
 15–24 2070 (45.3) 973 (49.1)   1.25 1.03–1.51*
 25–34 1780 (39.0) 737 (37.2)   1.09 0.89–1.35
 ≥ 35 718 (15.7) 271 (13.7)   1.00  
Marital status    0.505   
 Never married 253 (5.5) 92 (4.7)   0.84 0.62–1.13
 Separated/divorced/widowed 509 (11.1) 225 (11.3)   1.01 0.82–1.25
 Married 3806 (83.3) 1664 (84.0)   1.00  
Education    0.790   
 No formal education 538 (11.8) 247 (12.5)   1.06 0.82–1.35
 Primary 3067 (67.1) 1314 (66.3)   0.98 0.82–1.18
 Secondary and above 963 (21.1) 420 (21.2)   1.00  
Occupation    0.313   
 Employed 3135 (68.6) 1329 (67.1)   0.93 0.81–1.07
 Unemployed 1433 (31.4) 652 (32.9)   1.00  
Parity    0.373   
 Primigravida 1242 (27.2) 575 (29.0)   1.12 0.95–1.32
 Secundigravida 936 (20.5) 417 (21.0)   1.08 0.89–1.29
 Multigravida 2390 (52.3) 989 (49.9)   1.00  
Wealth index    0.886   
 Rich 1484 (32.5) 656 (33.1)   0.98 0.84–1.15
 Middle 888 (19.4) 374 (18.9)   0.95 0.79–1.16
 Poor 2196 (48.0) 951 (48.0)   1.00  
Residence    0.251   
 Urban 649 (14.2) 248 (12.5)   0.87 0.68–1.11
 Rural 3919 (85.8) 1733 (87.5)   1.00  
Region    0.044*   
 Northern 550 (12.0) 198 (10.0)   0.86 0.70–1.06
 Central 1872 (41.0) 884 (44.6)   1.13 0.97–1.32
 Southern 2146 (47.0) 899 (45.4)   1.00  
ANC visits    < 0.001***   
 Adequate (≥ 4) 2017 (44.2) 1131 (57.1)   1.68 1.47–1.92***
 Inadequate (< 4) 2551 (55.8) 850 (42.9)   1.00  
First ANC visit timing (n = 6413)    < 0.001***   
 First trimester 985 (22.1) 518 (26.4)   2.72 1.97–3.76***
 Second trimester 3065 (68.8) 1362 (69.6)   2.30 1.69–3.12***
 Third trimester 405 (9.1) 78 (4.0)   1.00  
  1. ANC antenatal care, IPTp intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  3. ap value of Pearson’s Chi squared test