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Table 3 Association between the number of ANC visits and IPTp uptake stratified by ANC timing

From: Association between timing and number of antenatal care visits on uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy among Malawian women

Timing of the first ANC visit Number of ANC visit categories ORa (95% CI) Total
Inadequateb Adequateb
First trimester 2.24 (1.44–3.49***) 3.41 (2.39–4.86***) 1.97 (1.40–2.76***)
Second trimester 2.19 (1.56–3.08***) 3.33 (2.36–4.70***) 1.93 (1.42–2.64***)
Third trimester 1.00 4.74 (1.61–13.96**) 1.00
Total 1.00 1.55 (1.34–1.80***)  
  1. ANC  antenatal care, IPTp intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  3. aAdjusted for age, parity, marital status, education, wealth, and occupation
  4. bThe number of ANC visits was categorized into two levels: adequate ANC visits (four or more) and inadequate ANC visits (fewer than four)