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Table 5 Unadjusted multivariate negative binomial models of associations between Anopheles abundances, presence of small-scale agriculture, and urbanicity measures

From: Household-level and surrounding peri-domestic environmental characteristics associated with malaria vectors Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus along an urban–rural continuum in Blantyre, Malawi

  An. arabiensis An. funestus
95% CI P value 95% CI P value
Model 1a
 Agriculture 5.2 (3.4, 7.9) < .0001 2.7 (1.8, 4.0) < .0001
 Within city limits 0.2 (0.1, 0.3) < .0001 0.02 (0.01, 0.04) < .0001
Model 2a 
 Agriculture 5.6 (3.7, 8.6) < .0001 3.4 (2.3, 5.1) < .0001
 Increasing distance 1.4 (1.3, 1.6) < .0001 1.6 (1.4, 1.7) < .0001
Model 3a
 Agriculture 5.5 (3.6, 8.4) < .0001 3.7 (2.4, 5.6) < .0001
 House densitya 0.5 (0.4, 0.8) 0.001 0.3 (0.2, 0.4) < .0001
  1. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p < 0.05)
  2. aUnits are an additional 10 households within a 50 m radius of the sampled household