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Table 6 Multivariate negative binomial models of associations between Anopheles abundances, presence of small-scale agriculture, and urbanicity measures, adjusted for number of nets per person, number of children under 5 years old, education level, and rainy season

From: Household-level and surrounding peri-domestic environmental characteristics associated with malaria vectors Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus along an urban–rural continuum in Blantyre, Malawi

  An. arabiensis An. funestus
95% CI P value 95% CI P value
Model 1b
 Agriculture 1.4 (0.8, 2.2) 0.21 0.6 (0.4, 0.9) 0.01
 Within city limits 0.2 (0.1, 0.2) < .0001 0.02 (0.01, 0.04) < .0001
Model 2b
 Agriculture 1.6 (1.0, 2.5) 0.07 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 0.19
 Increasing distance 1.3 (1.2, 1.5) < .0001 1.4 (1.3, 1.6) < .0001
Model 3b
 Agriculture 1.5 (1.0, 2.5) 0.08 0.7 (0.5, 1.2) 0.21
 House densitya 0.5 (0.4, 0.7) < 0.001 0.2 (0.1, 0.3) < .0001
  1. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p < 0.05)
  2. aUnits are an additional 10 households within a 50 m radius of the sampled household