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Table 5 Baseline characteristics of study participants at ANC clinic level

From: Effectiveness of pregnant women’s active participation in their antenatal care for the control of malaria and anaemia in pregnancy in Ghana: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  Control Intervention p value
Number of clusters (ANC clinics) 7 7  
Hb
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 11.03 10.99 0.83
 Standard deviation 0.38 0.33  
 Median 11.06 11.01  
 Range 10.55–11.47 10.61–11.63  
Age
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 26.29 26.40 0.83
 Standard deviation 0.92 0.98  
 Median 25.88 26.11  
 Range 25.22–27.54 25.07–27.89  
Gestational age at enrolment (weeks)
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 15.92 17.12 0.26
 Standard deviation 1.95 1.86  
 Median 16.01 18.03  
 Range 13.07–18.95 14.42–19.18  
Parity
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 1.60 1.95 0.03
 Standard deviation 0.24 0.28  
 Median 1.54 1.84  
 Range 1.28–2.05 1.66–2.50  
Gravidity
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 2.93 3.24 0.03
 Standard deviation 0.21 0.27  
 Median 3.00 3.23  
 Range 2.61–3.16 2.92–3.80  
Parasite density
 Mean of ANC clinic summaries 1202.95 1625.57 0.40
 Standard deviation 601.19 1138.95  
 Median 989.33 1300.00  
 Range 543.33–2014 559.20–4087  
Anaemia
 Mean of ANC clinic proportions 45.08 49.23 0.50
 95% CI (33.20–56.96) (40.51–57.96)  
Felt unwell
 Mean of ANC clinic proportions 54.09 66.47 0.28
 95% CI (31.76–76.42) (52.02–80.92)  
ITN ownership
 Mean of ANC clinic proportions 67.90 81.55 0.004
 95% CI (62.44–73.36) (73.98–89.12)  
ITN use
 Mean of ANC clinic proportions 40.28 58.03 0.03
 95% CI (31.58–48.97) (42.09–73.96)  
Parasitaemia
 Mean of ANC clinic proportions 9.14 15.86  
 95% CI (2.93–15.36) (8.57–23.15) 0.11