Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Multivariable association between ITN ownership and exposures of interest, accounting for regional, enumeration area and household clustering in Namibia 2013 (n = 9842)

From: A cross-sectional analysis of ITN and IRS coverage in Namibia in 2013

Exposures of interest Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Risk ratio (95% CI) p-value Risk ratio (95% CI) p-value Risk ratio (95% CI) p-value
Residence
 Urban 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Rural 2.04 (1.87–2.23) < 0.001 1.17 (1.03–1.32) 0.017 1.32 (1.15–1.51) < 0.001
Wealth quintile
 Lowest 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Second 0.88 (0.78–0.99) 0.036 1.17 (1.03–1.32) 0.014 1.20 (1.06–1.36) 0.004
 Middle 0.83 (0.74–0.93) 0.002 1.32 (1.16–1.51) < 0.001 1.39 (1.21–1.58) < 0.001
 Fourth 0.64 (0.56–0.72) < 0.001 1.36 (1.17–1.57) < 0.001 1.48 (1.27–1.72) < 0.001
 Highest 0.42 (0.36–0.48) < 0.001 1.29 (1.08–1.54) 0.005 1.49 (1.23–1.80) < 0.001
Regional PfPR2–10 (%)
 < 1 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 1 to < 5 6.39 (5.46–7.48) < 0.001 5.96 (2.94–12.12) < 0.001 5.92 (2.83–12.38) < 0.001
 > 5 5.26 (4.56–6.07) < 0.001 5.36 (3.19–9.02) < 0.001 5.32 (3.09–9.16) < 0.001
  1. Model 1, univariable association between exposures of interest and ITN coverage; Model 2, adjusted for regional and enumeration area clustering; Model 3, additionally adjusted for all other exposures of interest in the table; PfPR2–10, Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate in those aged 2–10 years; ITN, insecticide-treated net