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Table 1 Percent distribution of respondents and willingness to contribute by socio-demographic variables

From: Sense of community and willingness to support malaria intervention programme in urban poor Accra, Ghana

Categorical variables Not willing Money only or time only Both Total
Freq. (%) Freq. (%) Freq. (%) Freq. (%)
Years lived in community χ2 = 10.60   Pr = 0.031  
5 years and below 7 (7.07) 42 (42.42) 50 (50.51) 99 (100.00)
> 5 years 16 (16.00) 108 (45.57) 113 (47.68) 237 (100.00)
Since birth 61 (14.12) 175 (40.51) 196 (45.37) 432 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
Knowledge of malaria transmission χ2=2.8897   Pr=0.576  
Low 14 (9.59) 66 (45.21) 66 (45.21) 146 (100.00)
Moderate 45 (11.66) 168 (43.52) 173 (44.82) 386 (100.00)
High 25 (10.59) 91 (38.56) 120 (50.85) 236 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
Last malaria episode χ2=1.3698   Pr=0.729  
1 month or less 27 (13.11) 87 (42.23) 92 (44.66) 206 (100.0)
Over 1 month ago 57 (10.23) 236 (42.37) 264 (47.40) 557 (100.0)
Total 84 (10.94) 323 (42.32) 356 (46.74) 763 (100.00)
Perceived risk of malaria χ2=0.6314   Pr=0.729  
No/low risk 40 (10.18) 164 (41.73) 189 (48.09) 393 (100.00)
Moderate/high risk 42 (11.45) 158 (43.05) 167 (45.50) 367 (100.00)
Total 82 (10.79) 322 (42.37) 356 (46.84) 760 (100.00)
Know someone died of malaria χ2=8.3696   Pr=0.015  
Yes 5 (4.24) 47 (39.83) 66 (55.93) 118 (100.00)
No 78 (12.15) 274 (42.68) 290 (45.17) 642 (100.00)
Total 83 (10.92) 321 (42.24) 356 (46.84) 760 (100.00)
Capacity to prevent/treat χ2=3.4371   Pr=0.179  
Inadequate capacity 27 (10.55) 119 (46.48) 110 (42.97) 256 (100.00)
Adequate capacity 56 (11.13) 199 (39.56) 248 (49.30) 503 (100.00)
Total 83 (10.94) 318 (41.90) 358 (47.17) 759 (100.00)
Perceived malaria incidence χ2=10.0486   Pr=0.040  
Increasing 13 (6.63) 77 (39.29) 106 (54.08) 196 (100.00)
Declining 49 (12.25) 182 (45.5) 169 (42.25) 400 (100.00)
Remains the same 21 (13.04) 65 (40.37) 75 (46.58) 161 (100.00)
Total 83 (10.96) 324 (42.80) 350 (46.24) 757 (100.00)
Distance to main drain (m) χ2=12.0792   Pr=0.017  
< 10 24 (7.92) 128 (42.24) 151 (49.83) 303 (100.00)
10–50 49 (14.12) 134 (38.62) 164 (47.26) 347 (100.00)
> 50 11 (9.57) 60 (52.17) 44 (38.26) 115 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.98) 322 (42.09) 359 (46.93) 765 (100.00)
Locality of residence χ2=13.4637   Pr=0.009  
Agbogbloshie 11 (10.68) 54 (52.43) 38 (36.89) 103 (100.00)
James Town 20 (9.26) 105 (48.61) 91 (42.13) 216 (100.00)
Ussher Town 53 (11.80) 166 (36.97) 230 (51.22) 449 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
Sex χ2=0.6659   Pr=0.717  
Male 40 (11.98) 139 (41.62) 155 (46.41) 334 (100.00)
Female 44 (10.14) 186 (42.86) 204 (47.00) 434 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
Educational attainment χ2=3.3941   Pr=0.494  
None/prim 15 (8.24) 81 (44.51) 86 (47.25) 182 (100.00)
Junior high/middle school 40 (12.31) 141 (43.38) 144 (44.31) 325 (100.00)
Senior High School (SHS)/Higher 29 (11.11) 103 (39.46) 129 (49.43) 261 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
Ethnicity χ2=3.3003   Pr=0.509  
Ga 53 (11.42) 189 (40.73) 222 (47.84) 464 (100.00)
Akan 15 (8.2) 82 (44.81) 86 (46.99) 183 (100.00)
Others 16 (13.22) 54 (44.63) 51 (42.15) 121 (100.00)
Total 84 (10.94) 325 (42.32) 359 (46.74) 768 (100.00)
  1. Pr p-values, Freq. frequency