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Table 1 Percent distribution of respondents from households with at least one net, by socio-demographic, ideational and household characteristics; Nigeria 2015

From: Factors associated with caregivers’ consistency of use of bed nets in Nigeria: a multilevel multinomial analysis of survey data

Background characteristics State
Akwa Ibom (n = 1568) Kebbi (n = 1292) Nasarawa (n = 1024) All States (n = 3884)
Age group***
 18–24 17.28 26.78 22.46 21.81
 25–34 48.53 41.02 46.88 40.60
 35–44 24.62 21.52 21.97 22.89
 45 + 9.57 10.68 8.69 9.71
Respondent’s sex
 Male 25.89 26.55 26.37 26.24
 Female 74.11 73.45 73.63 73.76
Education level***
 None 5.17 78.95 29.20 36.05
 Primary 32.46 7.97 31.64 24.10
 Secondary/higher 62.37 13.08 39.16 39.85
Religion***
 Christian 99.17 4.18 50.78 54.81
 Muslim 0.19 92.49 49.22 43.82
 Others 0.64 3.33 0.00 1.36
Wealth index***
 Lowest 1.08 46.98 9.38 18.54
 Second 6.19 25.46 23.44 17.15
 Middle 20.03 12.77 28.42 19.82
 Fourth 34.31 7.28 22.27 22.14
 Highest 38.39 7.51 16.50 22.35
Place of residence***
 Rural 83.55 81.11 69.34 78.99
 Urban 16.45 18.89 30.66 21.01
Listened to radio at least once a week*** 77.04 28.56 52.64 54.48
Watched the television at least once a week*** 61.67 18.03 33.01 39.60
Exposed to messages on malaria prevention from the media in last 12 months*** 72.90 20.90 38.28 46.47
Perceived severity of malaria*** 26.85 28.95 37.21 30.38
Perceived susceptibility to malaria*** 53.38 28.72 38.28 41.19
Perceived self-efficacy to recognize symptoms of severe malaria*** 74.81 78.87 59.08 72.07
Knowledge that malaria is caused by mosquitoes*** 85.78 90.40 95.90 89.98
Perceived self-efficacy to use nets*** 48.34 68.65 52.64 56.23
Discussed malaria with others in last 12 months*** 94.07 79.18 82.32 86.02
Discussed nets with someone in last 12 months*** 28.25 26.08 39.75 30.56
Perceived that use of bed net was a community norm*** 66.26 61.30 51.56 60.74
Scored high (above median) for positive attitudes towards bed nets*** 52.42 33.05 46.97 44.54
Higher level of perceived self-efficacy to prevent malaria*** 67.54 76.56 66.60 70.39
Higher level of perceived response-efficacy of nets*** 45.66 23.84 46.97 38.75
Knew where to purchase a net in their community*** 13.07 46.59 20.41 26.16
Willing to pay for bed nets*** 27.01 67.96 61.33 49.69
  1. Significance of differences across states: ***p < 0.001