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Table 2 Variations in patterns of bed net use by selected sociodemographic, ideational, household and community characteristics; respondents from households with at least one net

From: Factors associated with caregivers’ consistency of use of bed nets in Nigeria: a multilevel multinomial analysis of survey data

Background characteristics Percent reporting specific pattern of bed net use p-value
Consistent use Inconsistent use Rarely or never
Age
 18–24 53.60 33.53 12.87 < 0.001
 25–34 42.01 39.75 18.24
 35–44 37.80 40.27 21.93
 45 + 37.93 38.46 23.61
Respondent’s sex
 Male 35.43 39.06 25.52 < 0.001
 Female 45.93 38.15 15.92
Education
 None 58.71 32.50 9.79 < 0.001
 Primary 36.65 42.20 21.15
 Secondary/higher 33.07 42.31 24.61
Religion
 Christians 33.91 41.66 24.42 < 0.001
 Muslim 54.41 34.72 10.87
 Traditional 54.47 24.53 20.75
Exposure to malaria prevention messages on the media
 Not exposed 49.69 32.32 17.99  
 Exposed 35.68 45.37 18.95 < 0.001
Perceived severity of malaria
 Lower 45.05 37.11 17.84 0.002
 Higher 38.86 41.33 19.81
Perceived susceptibility to malaria
 Lower 46.67 36.78 16.55 < 0.001
 Higher 38.19 40.69 21.12
Knew that malaria is caused by mosquito bite
 Did not know 41.65 29.05 29.31 < 0.001
 Knew 43.45 39.43 17.22
Perceived self-efficacy to prevent malaria
 Lower 35.30 38.17 26.52 < 0.001
 Higher 46.49 38.48 15.03
Perceived self-efficacy to detect a severe case of malaria
 Lower 38.55 37.53 23.92 < 0.001
 Higher 44.98 38.72 16.30
Perceived the response efficacy of bed nets
 No 43.09 39.09 17.82  
 Yes 43.32 37.28 19.40 0.359
Perceived efficacy to use bed nets
 Lower 34.59 39.71 25.71 < 0.001
 Higher 49.86 37.36 12.77
Discussed malaria with someone
 No 52.12 24.49 23.39 < 0.001
 Yes 41.72 40.65 17.63
Discussed bed nets with someone in last 6 months
 Did not discuss 43.01 36.45 20.54 < 0.001
 Discussed 43.56 42.80 13.65
Score for positive attitudes towards bed nets
 Lower 43.41 36.30 20.29 < 0.001
 Higher 42.89 40.98 16.13
Perceived bed net use as the norm in the community
 Did not perceive 39.41 34.89 25.70 < 0.001
 Perceived 45.61 40.65 13.73
Knew of a place to purchase bed nets
 Did not know 38.15 39.96 21.90 < 0.001
 Knew 57.38 33.96 8.66
Willing to pay for bed nets
 No 37.87 37.31 24.82 < 0.001
 Yes 48.55 39.48 11.97
Community socioeconomic advantage
 Low 61.91 28.63 9.46 < 0.001
 Medium 41.02 39.81 19.18
 High 29.81 45.10 25.09
Household wealth
 Poorest 64.44 27.78 7.78 < 0.001
 Poorer 54.80 31.83 13.36
 Middle 40.65 39.09 20.26
 Richer 31.86 43.84 24.30
 Richest 30.07 46.20 23.73
State
 Akwa Ibom 30.61 40.75 28.64 < 0.001
 Kebbi 66.72 25.93 7.35
 Nasarawa 32.71 50.49 16.80
Place of residence
 Urban 39.31 41.72 18.97  
 Rural 44.29 37.43 18.28 0.026
  1. Results of bivariate analyses (n = 3884)