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Table 1 Distribution of U5 children tested for malaria parasite using RDT or Microscopy and association between test outcomes and selected characteristics

From: Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey

Variables Number of children % Malaria test
RDT+ χ2 p-value Micro+ χ2 p-value
Child’s age (months)
 0–6 755 10.8 21.6 < 0.001* 10.0 < 0.001*
 7–23 1914 27.3 36.2   20.3  
 24–59 4342 61.9 49.5   30.9  
Sex
 Male 3574 51.0 46.2 0.063 27.8 0.276
 Female 3437 49.0 44.0   26.9  
Zone
 North Central 1309 18.7 50.7 < 0.001* 32.1 < 0.001*
 North East 983 14.0 42.9   26.5  
 North West 2286 32.6 58.2   37.1  
 South East 601 8.6 31.7   13.9  
 South South 780 11.1 28.9   19.4  
 South West 1053 15.0 32.1   15.3  
Location
 Urban 2350 33.5 24.1 < 0.001* 11.4 < 0.001*
 Rural 4661 66.5 55.7   35.6  
Usual resident
 No 69 1.0 36.8 0.147 25.2 0.598
 Yes 6942 99.0 45.2   27.4  
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 1474 21.0 64.1 < 0.001* 43.1 < 0.001*
 Poorer 1612 23.0 62.7   41.0  
 Middle 1333 19.0 49.2   27.7  
 Richer 1289 18.4 30.2   16.8  
 Richest 1303 18.6 12.7   4.3  
Slept under ever treated net
 No 3963 56.5 42.1 < 0.001* 25.7 < 0.001*
 Yes 3048 43.5 49.0   29.5  
Slept under LLITNs
 No 3980 56.8 42.0 < 0.001* 25.7 < 0.001*
 Yes 3 031 43.2 49.1   29.5  
Dwelling sprayed against mosquito in last 12 months
 No 6867 98.6 43.9 0.006* 27.3 0.111
 Yes 95 1.4 29.9   20.0  
Fever in last 2 weeks
 No 4123 59.0 37.4 < 0.001* 23.7 < 0.001*
 Yes 2868 41.0 55.1   32.1  
  1. RDT+: positive on rapid diagnostic test, Micro+: positive on microscopy test
  2. * Significant at 5% χ2 test