Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio of factors influencing malaria infection using microscopy test results

From: Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey

Characteristics Unadjusted estimates Adjusted estimates
OR 95% CI p-value aOR 95% CI p-value
Child age (months)
 0–6 1   1  
 7–23 2.58 1.18–5.67* 0.02 2.29 1.21–4.34* < 0.01
 24–59 4.49 2.06–9.79* < 0.01 5.67 3.01–10.70* < 0.01
Zone
 South West 1   1  
 North Central 2.02 1.60–2.55* < 0.01 0.61 0.47–0.79* < 0.01
 North East 1.79 1.41–2.27* < 0.01 0.35 0.27–0.46* < 0.01
 North West 3.46 2.78–4.32* < 0.01 0.49 0.37–0.64* < 0.01
 South East 0.86 0.63–1.16* 0.33 0.59 0.44–0.79* < 0.01
 South South 1.28 0.99–1.67* 0.06 0.42 0.31–0.55* < 0.01
Location
 Urban 1   1  
 Rural 3.98 3.42–4.63* < 0.01 1.59 1.33–1.89* < 0.01
Wealth quintile
 Richest 1   1  
 Poorest 15.61 11.57–21.06* < 0.01 5.51 3.83–7.93* < 0.01
 Poorer 13.51 10.05–18.16* < 0.01 5.15 3.72–7.13* < 0.01
 Middle 7.06 5.22–9.55* < 0.01 3.51 2.64–4.65* < 0.01
 Richer 3.78 2.77–5.1*8 < 0.01 1.89 1.46–2.45* < 0.01
Slept under ever treated net
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.31 1.18–1.45* < 0.01 1.21 1.08–1.36* < 0.01
Slept under LLIN
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1.32 1.19–1.46* <0.01 1.21 1.08–1.36* < 0.01
Dwelling sprayed against mosquito in last 12 months
 Yes 1   1  
 No 1.83 1.19–2.85* < 0.01 0.37 0.10–1.38 0.14
Floor materials
 Improved 1   1**  
 Unimproved 2.50 2.22–2.82* < 0.01    
Roof materials
 Improved 1   1**  
 Unimproved 2.92 2.57–3.33* < 0.01    
Wall materials
 Improved 1   1**  
 Unimproved 3.05 2.70–3.44* < 0.01    
All building material
 Totally improved 1   1  
 Partially improved 2.21 1.93–2.54* < 0.01 1.02 0.86–1.21 0.82
 Nothing improved 4.77 4.06–5.61* < 0.01 1.05 1.02–1.12* 0.04
  1. * Significant at 5% test of logistic regression; ** dropped due to multicollinearity: OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio