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Table 6 Adjusted risk factors for malaria among U5 children based on the microscopic test

From: Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey

Characteristics Model I Model II Model III
OR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
All building materials
 Totally improved 1     
 Partially improved 2.21 (1.93–2.54) 0.00* 2.21 (1.92–2.54) 0.00* 1.03 (0.85–1.25) 0.75
 Nothing improved 4.77 (4.06–5.61) 0.00* 4.73 (4.01–5.57) 0.00* 1.39 (1.08–1.80) 0.01*
Slept under an ever treated net
 No    1 1
 Yes    1.16 (0.43–3.15) 0.77 0.74 (0.17–3.18) 0.69
Slept under LLIN       
 No    1 1
 Yes    0.90 (0.33–2.45) 0.84 1.11 (0.26–4.79) 0.89
Indoor residual spray
 Yes    1 1
 No    1.24 (0.74–2.08) 0.42 1.21 (0.64–2.31) 0.56
Child age (months)
 0–6      1
 7–23      2.17 (0.95–4.97) 0.07*
 24–59      4.84 (2.13–10.99) 0.00*
Zone
 South West      1
 North Central      0.65 (0.47–0.89) 0.01*
 North East      0.48 (0.35–0.67) 0.00*
 North West      0.69 (0.50–0.96) 0.03*
 South East      0.51 (0.35–0.75) 0.00*
 South–South      0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.04*
Location
 Urban      1
 Rural      1.54 (1.25–1.91) 0.00*
  1. OR odds ratio aOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. * Significant at 5% test of logistic regression coefficients significance