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Table 1 Potential risk or protective covariates collected from surveys

From: Detecting local risk factors for residual malaria in northern Ghana using Bayesian model averaging

Variable Details
Demographic and socio-economic
 Age From 6 to 59 months old
 Caretaker’s education Binary variable; either (1) for high school education and above or (0) otherwise
 Caretaker’s age In years
 Ethnicity Four groups; (1) Bimoba, (2) Konkomba, (3) Mamprusi, and (4) Other, based on language of caretaker
 Farming caretakera Binary variable; either caretaker occupation being farming (1) or otherwise (0)
 Gender Binary variable; either male (1) or female (0)
 Surface water source Binary variable; either (1) source of drinking water from exposed surface water or (0) otherwise
 Thatch roofing Binary variable; either housing structure had a thatched roof (1) or otherwise (0)
 Wealth quintile Constructed from multiple variables, using the methodology of the Ghana Demographic Health Survey (2008) [80]
Malaria intervention
 Health insurance—personal Binary variable; either personal access to health insurance (1) or not (0)
 Health insurance—community Binary variable; either (1) for ≥ 80%b community coverage of sampled population or (0) otherwise
 IRS in past 7 monthsa Binary variable; either individual household having been treated with IRS in past 7 months (1) or not (0)
 IRS in past year Binary variable; either individual household having been treated with IRS in past year (1) or not (0)
 Indoor residual spraying (IRS)—community coverage Binary variable; either (1) for ≥ 80%b community coverage or (0) otherwise
 Insecticide treated nets (ITN)—personal Binary variable; either (1) if net was used in previous night or (0) otherwise
 ITN—community coverage Binary variable; either (1) for ≥ 80b % community coverage or (0) otherwise
 Personal medication use Binary variable; either (1) used in the past 2 weeks or (0) otherwise
  1. aRemoved from models due to high correlations (R2 ≥ 0.49) with one or more other variables
  2. bBased on targets from Roll Back Malaria