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Table 3 Logistic regression model examining factors associated with malaria parasite in children

From: Malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and malnutrition in children less than 15 years residing in different altitudes along the slope of Mount Cameroon: prevalence, intensity and risk factors

Variables N Malaria parasite prevalence (n) Bivariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regression
COR (95% CI) P value AOR P value
Altitude
 Highland 423 36.9 (156) Reference   Reference  
 Lowland 405 46.7 (189) 1.48 (1.13–1.98) 0.004* 1.48 (1.12–1.96) 0.008*
Age group (Years)
 10–14 197 34.5 (68) Reference   Reference  
 5–9 342 46.8 (160) 1.67 (1.16–2.40) 0.007* 1.69 (1.17–2.44) 0.006*
 < 5 289 40.5 (117) 1.24 (0.68–1.47) 0.153 1.26 (0.86–1.85) 0.24
Gender
 Female 434 43.1 (187) Reference
 Male 394 40.1 (158) 0.88 (0.67–1.11) 0.384
Marital status
 Married 610 42.1 (257) Reference
 Single 202 40.6 (82) 1.07 (0.77–1.47) 0.702
Use of LLINs
 No 415 42.4 (176) Reference
 Yes 413 40.9 (169) 1.06 (0.11–1.40) 0.543
Malnourished
 No 540 42.4 (229) Reference
 Yes 288 40.3 (116) 0.9 (0.68–1.23) 0.555
Water source
 Close 721 39.7 (286) Reference Reference
 Open 105 55.2 (58) 1.88 (1.24–2.84) 0.002* 1.81 (1.19–2.75) 0.005*
Wasted
 No 251 41.4 (104) Reference
 Yes 87 39.1 (34) 1.42 (0.51–4.02) 0.50
Underweight
 No 547 43.3 (237) Reference
 Yes 136 43.4 (59) 0.99 (0.45–2.20) 0.99
Stunted
 No 632 41.8 (264) Reference  
 Yes 196 41.3 (81) 0.77 (0.44–1.35) 0.37
  1. * Statistically significant P value, CI confidence interval, COR crude odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio