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Table 4 Anaemia prevalence and severity in the study population

From: Malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and malnutrition in children less than 15 years residing in different altitudes along the slope of Mount Cameroon: prevalence, intensity and risk factors

Parameter No. examined Prevalence (%) of anaemia (n) No. examined Anaemia severity
Severe % (n) Moderate % (n) Mild % (n)
Altitude Lowland 405 54.6 (221) 221 0.9 (2) 6.3 (14) 92.8 (205)
Highland 423 57.7 (224) 244 2.5 (6) 14.8 (36) 82.8 (202)
Level of significance χ2 = 0.82,
P = 0.37
χ2 = 10.59,
P = 0.005*
Sex Male 394 56.9 (224) 224 2.2 (5) 10.3 (23) 87.5 (196)
Female 434 55.5 (241) 241 1.2 (3) 11.2 (27) 87.6 (211)
Level of significance χ2 = 0.15,
P = 0.70
χ2 = 0.75,
P = 0.69
Age group in years < 5 289 66.1 (191) 191 2.6 (5) 14.1 (27) 83.2 (159)
5–9 342 57.9 (198) 198 1 (2) 9.1 (18) 89.9 (178)
10–14 197 38.6 (76) 76 1.3 (1) 6.6 (5) 92.1 (70)
Level of significance χ2 = 36.73
P < 0.001*
χ2 = 6.03,
P = 0.20
Asexual parasite
Status
Negative 483 48.9 (236) 236 1.7 (4) 11 (26) 87.3 (206)
Positive 345 66.4 (229) 229 1.7 (4) 10.5 (24) 87.8 (206)
Level of significance χ2 = 25.08
P < 0.001*
χ2 = 0.04
P = 0.98
Malnutrition No 540 54.4 (294) 294 2 (6) 9.9 (29) 88.1 (259)
Yes 288 59.4 (171) 171 1.2 (2) 12.3 (21) 86.5 (148)
Level of significance χ2 = 1.86
P = 0.17
χ2 = 1.09,
P = 0.58
Stunting No 632 54.6 (345) 345 1.7 (6) 9.9 (34) 88.4 (305)
Yes 196 61.2 (120) 120 1.7 (2) 13.3 (16) 85 (102)
Level of significance χ2 = 2.68
P = 0.10
χ2 = 1.12
P = 0.57
  1. * Statistically significant P value, CI confidence Interval, COR crude odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio