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Table 5 Factors influencing the prevalence of anaemia in the study population

From: Malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and malnutrition in children less than 15 years residing in different altitudes along the slope of Mount Cameroon: prevalence, intensity and risk factors

Variables N Prevalence of anaemia (n) Bivariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regression
COR (95% CI) P value AOR (95% CI) P value
Altitude
 Highland 423 57.7 (224) Reference    
 Lowland 405 54.6 (221) 0.88 (0.67–1.16) 0.37
Age group (years)
 10–14 197 38.6 (76) Reference   Reference  
 5–9 342 57.9 (198) 2.20 (1.54–3.16) < 0.001* 2.18 (1.50–3.17) < 0.001*
 < 5 289 66.1 (191) 3.07 (2.11–4.47) < 0.001* 3.15 (2.11–4.70) < 0.001*
Gender
 Female 434 55.5 (241) Reference    
 Male 394 56.9 (224) 1.01 (0.80–1.39) 0.70
Level of education
 No formal 44 56.8 (25) Reference    
 Primary 292 58.4 (229) 1.07 (0.57–2.00) 0.84
 Secondary 267 55.4 (148) 0.95 (0.49–1.79) 0.86
 Tertiary 48 47.9 (23) 0.69 (0.31–1.59) 0.39
Marital status
 Married 202 55.4 (112) Reference    
 Single 610 56.9 (347) 1.06 (0.77–1.46) 0.72
Malnourished
 No 540 54.4 (294) Reference   Reference  
 Yes 288 59.4 (171) 1.22 (0.92–1.63) 0.17 1.07 (0.78–1.49) 0.66
Wasted
 No 251 68.5 (172) Reference    
 Yes 87 59.8 (52) 0.98 (0.36–2.69) 0.97
Underweight
 No 547 59.8 (327) Reference    
 Yes 136 57.4 (78) 0.81 (0.44–1.51) 0.51
Stunted
 No 632 54.6 (345) Reference    
 Yes 196 61.2 (120) 0.79 (0.53–1.17) 0.23
Malaria status
 No 483 48.9 (236) Reference   Reference  
 Yes 345 66.4 (229) 2.07 (1.55–2.75) < 0.001* 2.07 (1.53–2.79) < 0.001*
Fever in the past 2 days
 No 650 54.2 (352) Reference   Reference  
 Yes 155 63.2 (98) 1.44 (1.01–2.06) 0.04* 1.52 (1.01–2.11) 0.04*
  1. * Statistically significant P value, CI confidence Interval, COR crude odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio