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Table 2 The effect of categorical variables within a 10 m radius of the sampling points on the number of Anopheles mosquitoes caught in resting clay pots, as shown by Kruskal–Wallis test followed by Wilcoxon pair wise comparison method

From: Shady business: understanding the spatial ecology of exophilic Anopheles mosquitoes

Category Number Density of mosquitoes
Males Females
Land cover
 Banana 69 0.72a 4.04a
 Bare 12 0.08b 0.33b
 Cotton 5 0.00b 0.00b
 Grass 12 0.00b 0.33b
 Maize 29 0.17ab 1.24b
 Mixed 51 0.21ab 0.51b
 Ploughed 13 0.00b 0.15b
 Shrub 9 0.00b 0.22b
 P-value   0.002 0.000
Shading
 Open 85 0.04a 0.14a
 Partial 41 0.12a 1.29b
 Shaded 74 0.80b 3.89c
 P-value   0.000 0.000
Distance category
 Within 5 m 40 0.3 0.32a
 Within 25 m 40 0.13 0.73ac
 Within 50 m 40 0.25 2.15bc
 Within 75 m 40 0.57 2.55b
 Within 100 m 40 0.43 3.08b
 P-value   0.429 0.0115
  1. abcValues within each category in the same column, followed by the same letter are not significantly different (P > 0.05)