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Table 3 Factors associated with the practice of home treatment, in Cotonou, Benin, May 2016 (N = 340)

From: Home treatment and use of informal market of pharmaceutical drugs for the management of paediatric malaria in Cotonou, Benin

Covariates Home treatment Total Bivariate Multivariate
Categories Subcategories n (%) n OR 95% IC p-value OR 95% IC p-value
Age < 30 40 (18) 63 1    1   
30–39 87 (39) 128 1.220 0.647–2.298 0.538 1.382 0.678–2.815 0.372
40–49 45 (20) 68 1.125 0.548–2.306 0.748 1.057 0.479–2.328 0.890
≥ 50 52 (23) 81 1.031 0.519–2.045 0.930 0.959 0.447–2.054 0.915
Gender Female 168 (75) 255 1      
Male 56 (25) 85 1 0.595–1.678 1.000    
Marital status Single 41 (18) 67 1      
In relationship 183 (82) 273 1.354 0.782–2.341 0.278    
Education None 58 (26) 79 1    1   
Primary 68 (30) 100 0.769 0.400–1.477 0.431 0.699 0.236–2.069 0.518
Secondary 79 (35) 130 0.560 0.304–1.033 0.064 0.627 0.230–1.709 0.362
Tertiary 19 (9) 31 0.573 0.238–1.379 0.214 0.535 0.206–1.385 0.198
Religion Christian 164 (73) 246 1      
Islam 27 (12) 47 0.675 0.357–1.275 0.226    
Other 33 (15) 47 1.178 0.597–2.324 0.635    
Family size < 4 25 (11) 38 0.542 0.210–1.398 0.205 0.396 0.139–1.125 0.082
4–8 160 (72) 252 0.490 0.239–1.004 0.051 0.399 0.180–0.885 0.024
9–22 39 (17) 50 1      
Relative in the inner court No 154 (69) 233 1      
Yes 70 (31) 107 0.970 0.599–1.571 0.903    
Health insurance No 211 (94) 310 1    1   
Yes 13 (6) 30 0.358 1.677–0.767 0.008 0.396 0.169–0.9284 0.033
Wealth quintiles Quintile 5 (poorest) 57 (25) 70 1    1   
Quintile 4 (second) 50 (22) 75 0.456 0.211–0.985 0.046 0.470 0.207–1.065 0.071
Quintile 3 (middle) 46 (21) 68 0.476 0.211–0.985 0.066 0.428 0.184–0.994 0.049
Quintile 2 (fourth) 44 (20) 70 0.385 0.178–0.836 0.016 0.472 0.198–1.121 0.089
Quintile 1 (richest) 27 (12) 57 0.205 0.092–0.454 0.000 0.199 0.076–0.522 0.001
Fever, headache, dizziness No 23 (10) 30 1    1   
Yes 201 (90) 310 0.561 0.233–1.349 0.197 0.477 0.176–1.286 0.144
Body aches, chills, weak No 163 (73) 248 1      
Yes 61 (27) 92 1.026 0.618–1.701 0.920    
Bitter taste in the mouth, no appetite No 182 (81) 268 1      
Yes 42 (19) 72 0.725 0.421–1.246 0.245    
Vomiting, diarrhoea No 187 (83) 265 1    1   
Yes 37 (17) 75 0.406 0.240–0.685 0.001 0.374 0.196–0.712 0.003
Dark urine, yellow eyes No 205 (92) 312 1      
Yes 19 (8) 28 1.101 0.482–2.519 0.818    
Cough No 207 (92) 310 1      
Yes 17 (8) 30 0.650 0.304–1.391 0.268    
Other (prickly, sores in the mouth, anaemia) No 217 (89) 328 1      
Yes 7 (3) 12 0.716 0.222–2.307 0.576    
Number of symptoms     0.691 0.534–0.894 0.005 0.864 0.629–1.186 0.368
  1. Statistically significant p values are in italic