Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with drug purchase in IMPD for home treatment (N = 207) in Cotonou, Benin, May 2016

From: Home treatment and use of informal market of pharmaceutical drugs for the management of paediatric malaria in Cotonou, Benin

Covariates IMPD Total Bivariate Multivariate
Categories Subcategories n (%) n OR 95% IC p-value OR 95% IC p-value
Age < 30 21 (25) 36 1    1   
30–39 27 (33) 80 0.363 0.162–0.816 0.014 0.383 0.152–0.964 0.042
40–49 18 (21) 44 0.494 0.202–1.209 0.123 0.517 0.190–1.1403 0.195
≥ 50 18 (21) 47 0.443 0.182–1.075 0.072 0.470 0.170–1.298 0.145
Gender Female 60 (71) 154 1      
Male 24 (29) 53 1.296 0.690–2.435 0.419    
Marital status Single 15 (18) 37 1      
In relationship 69 (82) 170 1.001 0.485–2.067 0.996    
Education None 29 (35) 52 1    1   
Primary 26 (31) 61 0.589 0.279–1.246 0.165 0.726 0.305–1.729 0.470
Secondary 25 (30) 75 0.396 0.191–0.821 0.013 0.563 0.242–1.312 0.184
Tertiary 4 (5) 19 0.211 0.061–0.724 0.013 0.419 0.094–1.857 0.253
Religion Christian 59 (70) 153 1      
Islam 11 (13) 26 1.168 0.502–2.715 0.718    
Other 14 (17) 28 1.593 0.709–3.578 0.259    
Family size < 4 6 (26) 21 1      
4–8 64 (76) 150 1.860 0.684–5.059 0.224    
> 8 14 (17) 36 1.590 0.498–5.074 0.433    
Relative in the inner court No 56 (67) 143 1      
Yes 28 (33) 64 1.208 0.665–2.195     
Wealth quintiles Quintile 5 (poorest) 30 (36) 48 1    1   
Quintile 4 (second) 23 (27) 45 0.142 0.274–1.433 0.269 0.860 0.350–2.108 0.742
Quintile 3 (middle) 15 (18) 44 0.200 0.132–0.729 0.007 0.500 0.198–1.261 0.142
Quintile 2 (fourth) 11 (13) 44 0.310 0.814–0.491 0.000 0.271 0.100–0.735 0.010
Quintile 1 (richest) 5 (6) 26 0.627 0.045–0.445 0.001 0.239 0.064–0.887 0.032
Fever, headache, dizziness No 2 (2) 18 1    1   
Yes 82 (98) 189 6.130 1.370–27.417 0.018 9.384 1.807–48.730 0.008
Body aches, chills, weak No 62 (74) 151 1      
Yes 22 (26) 56 0.928 0.496–1.738 0.817    
Bitter taste in the mouth, no appetite No 65 (77) 168 1      
Yes 19 (23) 39 1.505 0.747–3.032 0.252    
Vomiting, diarrhoea No 67 (80) 176 1    1   
Yes 17 (20) 31 1.975 0.914–4.266   2.606 0.928–7.315 0.069
Dark urine, yellow eyes No 79 (94) 191 1      
Yes 5 (6) 16 0.644 0.215–1.927 0.432    
Cough No 78 (93) 191 1      
Yes 6 (7) 16 0.869 0.303–2.490     
Other: prickly, sores in the mouth, anaemia No 82 (98) 202 1      
Yes 2 (2) 5 0.975 0.159–5.967 0.979    
Number of symptoms     1.419 0.968–2.078 0.072 1.577 0.725–1.846 0.539
  1. Statistically significant p values are in italic
  2. IMPD Informal market of pharmaceutical drugs