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Table 2 Mean out-of-pocket costs (US Dollars) for completed episodes of severe illness, by symptoms: children treated with RA versus children not treated with RA

From: Household costs and time to treatment for children with severe febrile illness in rural Burkina Faso: the role of rectal artesunate

Category CNS + other symptomsa No CNS but prostrated with other symptomsa Total
RA No RA No RA but went to a health centre RA No RA No RA but went to a health centre RA No RA No RA but went to a health centre
N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD)
Costs in USD
 Registration 30 24 11 69 0.005 (0.04) 48 20 99 0.003 (0.03) 72 31
 Consultation 30 24 0.15 (0.17) 11 0.32 (0.05) 69 48 0.09 (0.15) 20 0.21 (0.16) 99 72 0.11 (0.16) 31 0.25 (0.14)
 Diagnosis 30 0.34 (1.86) 24 11 69 48 20 99 0.10 (1.02) 72 31
 Drugs before health centre 30 0.05 (0.08) 24 0.75 (2.17) 11 0.03 (0.07) 69 0.03 (0.06) 48 0.20 (0.57)* 20 0.01 (0.04) 99 0.03 (0.07) 72 0.38 (1.35)* 31 0.02 (0.05)
 Drugs at the health centreb 30 1.02 (3.76) 11 4.93 (3.01)* 11 4.93 (3.01)* 69 1.35 (3.01) 20 4.04 (4.12)* 20 4.04 (4.12)* 99 1.25 (3.24) 31 4.36 (3.74)** 31 4.36 (3.74)**
 Bed 30 0.11 (0.62) 24 0.12 (0.33) 11 0.26 (0.46) 69 0.05 (0.39) 48 20 99 0.07 (0.47) 72 0.04 (0.20) 31 0.09 (0.29)
 Foodc 30 1.57 (1.81) 24 0.47 (1.03)* 11 0.97 (1.38) 69 1.82 (2.43) 48 0.05 (0.18)** 20 0.12 (0.26)* 99 1.74 (2.26) 72 0.19 (0.64)** 31 0.42 (0.92)*
 Other 30 24 11 69 48 0.01 (0.07) 20 0.03 (0.11) 99 72 0.01 (0.06) 31 0.02 (0.09)
 Transport 30 2.74 (1.05) 24 0.91 (1.08)** 11 1.57 (1.03)* 69 2.38 (1.00) 48 0.56 (0.77)** 20 1.31 (0.67)** 99 2.49 (1.03) 72 0.68 (0.89)** 31 1.40 (0.81)**
 Total costs 30 5.83 (7.82) 24 4.65 (4.79) 11 8.09 (3.96) 69 5.62 (4.18) 48 2.59 (3.90)** 20 5.72 (4.37) 99 5.68 (5.50) 72 3.27 (4.29)* 31 6.56 (4.32)
  1. RA rectal artesunate, CNS central nervous system (convulsions; altered consciousness/coma), SD standard deviation, USD US Dollars
  2. * Reference group: RA—p < 0.05
  3. ** Reference group: RA—p < 0.001
  4. aRepeated vomiting ± too weak to take oral medication/“lethargy”
  5. bFor the non-RA group, only those who went to a health centre were included. Therefore, the results are the same as for the non-RA group who went to a health centre
  6. cFood for the patient and accompanying family members