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Table 4 Results of mixed-effects logistic regression analysis of individual and household-level factors showing main predictors of Plasmodium infection, Jimma, south-western Ethiopia

From: Detection of foci of residual malaria transmission through reactive case detection in Ethiopia

Characteristics Examined by PCR, n (%) Positive, n (%) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Fever at the time of survey
 Yes 14 (2.32) 5 (35.71) 12.68 (3.34–48.18) 0.001*
 No 589 (97.68) 49 (8.32) Ref  
Malaria history in the preceding 1 year
 Yes 72 (11.94) 16 (22.22) 3.62 (1.77–7.38) 0.001*
 No 531 (88.06) 38 (7.16) Ref  
Area of residence
 Doyo Yaya 375 (62.19) 49 (13.07) 6.81 (2.49–18.63) 0.001*
 Others** 228 (37.81) 5 (2.19)   
Individual residing in
 Index house 120 (19.90) 21 (17.50) 2.22 (1.16–4.27) 0.016*
 Neighbour 483 (80.10) 33 (6.83) Ref  
Family size
 < 5 279 (46.27) 11 (3.94) Ref  
 ≥ 5 324 (53.73) 43 (13.27) 3.35 (1.53–7.33) 0.003*
Eave
 Absent 450 (74.63) 37 (8.22) Ref  
 Present 153 (25.37) 17 (11.11) 2.28 (1.14–4.55) 0.020*
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. * Significant at p < 0.05 ** includes all the remaining catchment kebeles of the selected health centres