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Table 3 Association of background characteristics and health-seeking with malaria testing within 24 h of fever among migrants in regional artemisinin-resistance initiative (RAI) areas of Myanmar, 2016 [N = 964]

From: Low uptake of malaria testing within 24 h of fever despite appropriate health-seeking among migrants in Myanmar: a mixed-methods study

Variables Total Test within 24 h PR (95% CI) aPR (95% CI)
N (%)a
Total 964 220 (22.8)
Individual level
 Age n years
  < 5 175 31 (17.8) Ref Ref
  5–14 196 53 (27.1) 1.51 (0.99, 2.31) 1.51 (1.01, 2.25)b
  15–59 538 127 (23.7) 1.32 (0.90, 1.92) 1.57 (1.09, 2.26)b
  ≥ 60 22 5 (21.2) 1.18 (0.44, 3.21) 1.49 (0.66, 3.36)
  Not known 33 3 (10.5) 0.58 (0.17, 1.98) 0.98 (0.34, 2.81)
 Sex
  Male 526 113 (21.5) Ref Ref
  Female 438 107 (24.4) 1.14 (0.88, 1.47) 1.09 (0.86, 1.38)
House hold level
 House hold size
  1–2 149 20 (13.5) Ref Ref
  3–4 372 81 (21.9) 1.62 (1.01, 2.61) 1.04 (0.65, 1.68)
  5–6 332 97 (29.1) 2.16 (1.35, 3.47) 1.56 (0.98, 2.49)
  >6 111 22 (19.8) 1.47 (0.80, 2.69) 1.22 (0.67, 2.20)
 Housing status
  Own house 433 112 (25.9) 1.15 (0.89, 1.49) c
  Rental 10 3 (29.6) 1.31 (0.47, 3.65) c
  Employer allowed place 467 105 (22.5) Ref Ref
  Not known 54 0 (0.0)
 Main occupation of family
  Farming/garden/rubber 285 77 (26.9) 1.56 (1.04, 2.34) 1.20 (0.83,1.74)
  Stone mining work/brick kiln 236 41 (17.3) ref ref
  Merchant 20 3 (15.3) 0.88 (0.36, 2.19) 0.94 (0.35, 2.50)
  Daily wage labourer 212 51 (24.1) 1.40 (0.91, 2.13) 1.07 (0.72, 1.59)
  Not known 212 49 (22.9) 1.33 (0.86, 2.04) 1.28 (0.87, 1.89)
 Migrant categoryd
  Category I 329 113 (34.3) 1.86 (1.39, 2.49) 1.83 (1.39, 2.41)b
  Category II 222 39 (17.6) 0.95 (0.64, 1.42) 0.95 (0.65, 1.41)
  Category III 369 68 (18.5) Ref Ref
  Not known 45 0 (0.0)
 Knowledge scoree
  ≤5 485 83 (17.0) Ref Ref
  >5 479 138 (28.7) 1.69 (1.28, 2.22) 1.42 (1.09, 1.85)b
 Duration of intention to stay
  Less than 6 month 92 7 (7.4) Ref Ref
  6 month to 1 year 81 9 (10.8) 1.46 (0.51, 4.22) 1.37 (0.48, 3.91)
  More than 1 year 167 36 (21.5) 2.90 (1.25, 6.74) 2.54 (1.07, 6.01)b
  Not known 624 169 (27.0) 3.64 (1.63, 8.10) 3.27 (1.41, 7.54)b
Health seeking
  Inappropriate 209 13 (6.1) Ref Ref
  Appropriate 734 204 (27.8) 4.56 (2.60, 8.00) 4.25 (2.41, 7.49)b
  Not known 21 3 (15.8) 2.60 (0.96, 7.06) 2.54 (1.00, 6.42)b
  1. All the estimates are weighted estimates taking into account the sampling design
  2. PR prevalence ratio, aPR adjusted prevalence ratio (log binomial regression), CI confidence interval
  3. aRow percentages
  4. bp < 0.05
  5. cNot included in the model as unadjusted p value for association with testing within 24 h was > 0.2
  6. dPermanent or semi-permanent work settings with high social capital, where substantial results can be achieved for malaria control (category I); semi-permanent settings with moderate social capital, where substantial community-based results can be achieved for malaria control (category II); and small, often temporary work sites, with low social capital and resource availability (category III)
  7. eMaximum knowledge score is 11