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Table 2 Factors associated with household ownership of at least one LLIN

From: LLIN Evaluation in Uganda Project (LLINEUP): factors associated with ownership and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey of 48 districts

Variable Categories Outcome present (%) Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Region of the country Mid-North East 611 (55.6%) Reference group Not included due to strong correlation with months since last Universal Coverage Campaign distribution
East Central 471 (58.9%) 1.15 (0.95–1.38) 0.15
Mid-Western 959 (66.2%) 1.57 (1.34–1.84) < 0.001
South Western 1338 (72.4%) 2.10 (1.80–2.46) < 0.001
Months since last Universal Coverage Campaign 42–53 338 (52.0%) Reference group Reference group
38–41 749 (59.4%) 1.35 (1.12–1.64) 0.002 1.28 (1.06–1.56) 0.01
29–37 2292 (69.8%) 2.13 (1.79–2.53) < 0.001 1.91 (1.60–2.28) < 0.001
Wealth index Poorest 973 (56.0%) Reference group Reference group
Middle 1138 (65.9%) 1.52 (1.32–1.74) < 0.001 1.41 (1.23–1.63) < 0.001
Least poor 1268 (73.2%) 2.15 (1.87–2.48) < 0.001 1.94 (1.66–2.28) < 0.001
House typea Traditional 2419 (63.7%) Reference group Reference group
Modern 960 (68.6%) 1.24 (1.09–1.42) 0.001 0.98 (0.85–1.14) 0.83
Estimated distance to nearest health facility > 3 km 1554 (63.7%) Reference group Reference group
≤ 3 km 1820 (66.3%) 1.12 (1.00–1.26) 0.05 1.07 (0.95–1.20) 0.29
Number of residents in household 2–4 1096 (62.0%) Reference group Reference group
5–6 1250 (66.8%) 1.23 (1.08–1.41) 0.002 1.11 (0.96–1.28) 0.16
≥ 7 1033 (66.4%) 1.22 (1.05–1.40) 0.007 1.01 (0.86–1.19) 0.87
Number of residents per sleeping space ≥ 3 people 1483 (62.3%) Reference group Reference group
< 3 people 1895 (67.4%) 1.25 (1.12–1.40) < 0.001 1.10 (0.97–1.24) 0.15
At least one resident < 5 years old No 791 (63.1%) Reference group Reference group
Yes 2588 (65.7%) 1.12 (0.98–1.28) 0.10 1.25 (1.08–1.44) 0.003
Age of head of household (years) < 30 517 (57.0%) Reference group Reference group
30–39 1088 (66.3%) 1.48 (1.26–1.75) < 0.001 1.35 (1.13–1.61) 0.001
40–49 882 (68.9%) 1.67 (1.40–2.00) < 0.001 1.56 (1.28–1.89) < 0.001
≥ 50 892 (65.2%) 1.41 (1.19–1.68) < 0.001 1.42 (1.17–1.72) < 0.001
Gender of head of household Female 685 (59.3%) Reference group Reference group
Male 2694 (66.7%) 1.37 (1.20–1.57) < 0.001 1.27 (1.10–1.47) 0.001
  1. aModern houses were defined as those with a cement, wood or metal wall, tiled or metal roof and closed eaves; all other houses were defined as traditional