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Table 3 Factors associated with household ownership of at least one LLIN for every two people

From: LLIN Evaluation in Uganda Project (LLINEUP): factors associated with ownership and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey of 48 districts

Variable Categories Outcome present (%) Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Region of the country Mid-North East 116 (10.6%) Reference group Not included due to strong correlation with months since last Universal Coverage Campaign distribution
East Central 111 (13.9%) 1.37 (1.04–1.80) 0.03
Mid Western 232 (16.0%) 1.62 (1.28–2.05) < 0.001
South Western 469 (25.4%) 2.88 (2.32–3.59) < 0.001
Months since last Universal Coverage Campaign 42–53 68 (10.5%) Reference group Reference group
38–41 161 (12.8%) 1.25 (0.93–1.69) 0.14 1.38 (1.01–1.89) 0.05
29–37 699 (21.3%) 2.31 (1.77–3.01) < 0.001 2.13 (1.61–2.81) < 0.001
Wealth index Poorest 211 (12.1%) Reference group Reference group
Middle 298 (17.3%) 1.51 (1.25–1.83) < 0.001 1.52 (1.25–1.86) < 0.001
Least poor 419 (24.2%) 2.31 (1.93–2.77) < 0.001 2.31 (1.88–2.84) < 0.001
House typea Traditional 625 (16.5%) Reference group Reference group
Modern 303 (21.6%) 1.40 (1.20–1.63) < 0.001 1.04 (0.87–1.24) 0.67
Estimated distance to nearest health facility > 3 km 366 (15.0%) Reference group Reference group
≤ 3 km 560 (20.4%) 1.45 (1.26–1.68) < 0.001 1.33 (1.13–1.55) < 0.001
Number of residents in household ≥ 7 111 (7.1%) Reference group Reference group
5–6 297 (15.9%) 2.45 (1.95–3.09) < 0.001 2.67 (2.10–3.39) < 0.001
2–4 520 (29.4%) 5.42 (4.35–6.74) < 0.001 6.50 (5.11–8.26) < 0.001
Number of residents per sleeping space ≥ 3 people 286 (12.0%) Reference group Reference group
< 3 people 642 (22.8%) 2.17 (1.86–2.52) < 0.001 1.57 (1.33–1.85) < 0.001
At least one resident < 5 years old Yes 617 (15.7%) Reference group Reference group
No 311 (24.8%) 1.78 (1.52–2.07) < 0.001 1.22 (1.02–1.45) 0.03
Age of head of household (years) < 30 151 (16.7%) Reference group Reference group
30–39 277 (16.9%) 1.02 (0.82–1.26) 0.88 1.23 (0.97–1.55) 0.08
40–49 231 (18.1%) 1.10 (0.88–1.38) 0.40 1.66 (1.28–2.14) < 0.001
≥ 50 269 (19.7%) 1.23 (0.98–1.53) 0.07 1.61 (1.25–2.08) < 0.001
Gender of head of household Male 681 (16.9%) Reference group Reference group
Female 247 (21.4%) 1.34 (1.14–1.58) < 0.001 1.02 (0.85–1.23) 0.80
  1. aModern houses were defined as those with a cement, wood or metal wall, tiled or metal roof and closed eaves; all other houses were defined as traditional