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Table 3 Prevalence of severe anaemia among children under 5 years old in Mali, 2010–2015

From: Impact evaluation of malaria control interventions on morbidity and all-cause child mortality in Mali, 2000–2012

Characteristics 2006
% (95% CI)
N
2010
% (95% CI)
N
2012–2013
% (95% CI)
N
2015
% (95% CI) N
Changea p-value
Overall 22.5 (20.0–25.1)
3239
26.3 (22.5–30.5)
1580
20.6 (18.9–22.4)
4745
19.9 (17.4–22.6)
7081
− 2.6 < 0.0001
Age categories (years)
 6–23 31.8 (28.2–35.6)
1099
33.0 (27.4–39.1)
508
25.2 (22.6–28.0)
1485
23.1 (20.5–26.0)
2261
− 8.7 < 0.0001
 24–59 17.7 (15.3–20.4)
2139
23.1 (19.3–27.5)
1071
18.5 (16.5–20.6)
3259
18.4 (15.7–21.3)
4821
0.7 0.0018
Endemicity
 Moderate 21.2 (15.6–28.1)
515
15.1 (15.6–28.1)
515
12.5 (9.5–16.2)
689
11.6 (9.3–14.4)
2015
− 9.6 < 0.0001
 High 22.9 (10.1–25.8)
2700
28.3 (24.0–33.1)
1325
22.0 (20.1–24.1)
4000
23.2 (20.1–26.5)
5066
0.3 0.00004
Place of residence
 Urban 11.1 (8.1–15.0)
875
9.7 (7.1–13.1)
300
8.4 (6.7–10.6)
879
7.7 (6.4–9.3)
1349
− 3.4 0.0470
 Rural 26.7 (24.1–29.5)
2363
30.2 (25.8–35.0)
1279
23.3 (21.4–25.5)
3866
22.7 (19.9–25.9)
5733
− 4.0 < 0.0001
Regions
 Kayes 22.6 (16.1–30.9)
512
31.8 (22.4–43.0)
206
18.9 (15.4–22.9)
613
19.9 (15.6–24.4)
1083
− 3.4 0.0004
 Koulikoro 25.1 (20.7–30.1)
659
21.3 (14.7–29.8)
322
20.4 (14.4–25.1)
1038
19.8 (15.8–24.6)
1481
− 4.0 0.0464
 Sikasso 27.0 (22.2–32.3)
681
34.6 (27.9–42.0)
230
21.1 (17.6–25.0)
1157
19.4 (15.7–23.7)
1321
− 2.7 < 0.0001
 Segou 25.6 (21.4–30.3)
618
28.7 (19.3–40.3)
409
20.5 (16.7–25.0)
909
20.3 (16.7–24.4)
1300
− 5.3 0.0005
 Moptib 15.8 (8.3–28.1)
382
31.0 (22.4–41.1)
229
30.1 (25.1–35.6)
611
29.5 (19.6–41.8)
1087
13.7 < 0.0001
 Bamako 11.5 (8.4–15.6)
387
7.4 (4.9–11.1)
183
8.3 (6.2–11.0)
417
7.4 (5.9–9.4)
809
− 4.1 0.1021
  1. aPercent absolute change from the first survey to the last survey
  2. bStudy was conducted in selected areas of the region of Mopti which were retained for the overall analysis
  3. p-value of Chi squared for linear trend in proportions across the surveys