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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis for potential risk factors associated with LAMP detectable malaria infection (n = 1869)

From: Subpatent malaria in a low transmission African setting: a cross-sectional study using rapid diagnostic testing (RDT) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) from Zambezi region, Namibia

Potential risk factor for malaria infection OR (95% CI) AOR* (95% CI)
Gender
 Female Ref  
 Male 1.07 (0.58–1.95) 0.99 (0.42–2.30)
Age (years)
 < 15 Ref  
 15–40 2.25 (1.11–4.55) 1.35 (0.50–3.65)
 > 40 1.81 (0.79–4.16) 0.79 (0.26–2.36)
Occupation
 Unemployed Ref  
 Student 2.47 (0.65–9.31) 2.12 (0.25–17.94)
 Office/clerical/commercial/professional 3.24 (0.37–28.76) 3.44 (0.21–57.40)
 Other manual labor 3.58 (0.68–18.92) 3.41 (0.11–107.45)
 Fishing 3.65 (0.41–32.48) 3.51 (0.65–19.01)
 Agricultural 4.55 (1.58–13.07) 5.02 (1.77–14.23)a
 Cattle herder 14.21 (2.97–68.12) 11.82 (1.06–131.81)b
 Otherc 15.93 (2.78–91.25) 11.26 (1.02–124.69)
Socioeconomic status quintile
 Lowest Ref  
 Lower-middle 1.04 (0.39–2.81) 0.85 (0.39–1.89)
 Middle 0.97 (0.36–2.61) 0.70 (0.22–2.21)
 Upper-middle 0.96 (0.36–2.58) 0.71 (0.17–2.99)
 Highest 1.20 (0.47–3.08) 0.85 (0.26–2.75)
  1. OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. * Adjusted for gender, age, socioeconomic status, and clustering at the health facility level
  3. ap-value = 0.01
  4. bp-value = 0.04
  5. cHerbalist, healer, bartender, land surveyor, soldier, headman