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Table 1 Care-seeking characteristics of caregivers responding to illness of their children with uncomplicated and severe malaria

From: Caregiver responses and association with delayed care-seeking in children with uncomplicated and severe malaria

Variable Caregivers of children with uncomplicated malaria Caregivers of children with severe malaria p value
Total number of caregivers, N 325 325  
Median time in days taken to seek appropriate treatment; (IQR) 1.70 (0.91–2.87) 2.45 (1.62–3.81) < 0.001
Median number of actions taken before seeking appropriate treatment; (IQR) 3 (2–4) 4 (3–6) < 0.001
 Stayed home not on medication 82 (25.2%) 67 (20.6%) 0.169
 Stayed home on medication 186 (57.2%) 137 (42.1%) < 0.001
 Drug shop 40 (12.3%) 104 (32.0%) < 0.001
 Non-biomedical provider 2 (0.62) % 1 (0.3%) 0.563
 Private clinic 0 1 (0.3%) *
Initial response-type by caregivers, n (%)a
 Health centre II 0 5 ((1.5%) 0.020
 Initial health centre III/IV 0 6 (1.8%) 0.014
 Enrolling health centre III/IV 11 (3.3%) 0 < 0.001
 Initial public hospital 0 2 (0.6%) 0.157
 Enrolling public hospital 4 (1.2%) 2 (0.6%) 0.414
Total number of responses taken by caregivers, N 1172 1551  
 Stayed home not on medication 254 (21.7%) 276 (17.8%) 0.010
 Stayed home on medication 497 (42.4%) 403 (26.0%) < 0.001
 Drug shop 80 (6.8%) 284 (18.3%) < 0.001
 Non-biomedical provider 8 (0.7%) 7 (0.5%) 0.478
Total number of types of responses by caregivers, n (%)d
 Private clinic 0 47 (3.0%) < 0.001
 Health centre II 0 19 (1.2%) < 0.001
 Initial health centre III/IVb 7 (0.6%) 96 (6.2%) < 0.001
 Enrolling health centre III/IV 258 (22.0%) 0 NA
 Initial public hospitalb 1 (0.1%) 94 (6.1%) < 0.001
 Enrolling public hospitalc 67 (5.7%) 325 (21.0%) NA
  1. NA not applicable
  2. * Insufficient numbers
  3. aColumn frequency: numerator: number of type of initial response; denominator: number of caregivers of cases or controls
  4. bInitial public facilities where caregiver sought care before enrollment
  5. cEnrolling public facilities (level III and above) where caregivers sought care and were provided appropriate care and had their children enrolled in the study
  6. dColumn frequency: numerator: total number of responses taken by caregivers; denominator: total number of actions taken by caregivers of cases or controls