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Table 1 Demographics of enrolled children and attending caregivers who completed both registration at health facility and follow-up interview

From: Measuring malaria diagnosis and treatment coverage in population-based surveys: a recall validation study in Mali among caregivers of febrile children under 5 years

  All cases (received ACT) All controls (no ACT) p-value Pooled data for cases and controls
All sites combined Public Urban Public Rural CHW Private Urban p-value
n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
Number of child/caregiver pairs
 Pre-SMC 315 40.0 294 36.1   609 38.0 196 46.6 220 52.4 115 27.1 78 23.0  
 During SMC 473 60.0 520 63.9 0.112 993 62.0 225 53.4 200 47.6 310 72.9 258 76.8 < 0.001
Sex of sick child
 Male 415 52.7 457 56.1   872 54.4 228 54.2 236 56.2 222 52.2 186 55.4  
 Female 373 47.3 357 43.9 0.162 730 45.6 193 45.8 184 43.8 203 47.8 150 44.6 0.687
Age of sick child in years
 < 1 108 13.7 197 24.2   305 19.0 69 16.4 76 18.1 100 23.5 60 17.9  
 1 175 22.2 154 18.9   329 20.5 107 25.4 75 17.9 55 12.9 92 27.4  
 2 186 23.6 181 22.2   367 22.9 103 24.5 84 20.0 99 23.3 81 24.1  
 3 147 18.7 140 17.2   287 17.9 70 16.6 94 22.4 61 14.4 62 18.5  
 4 172 21.8 142 17.4 < 0.001 314 19.6 72 17.1 91 21.7 110 25.9 41 12.2 < 0.001
Period between consultation and interview
 1–7 days 486 61.7 513 63.0   999 62.4 254 60.3 270 64.3 266 62.6 209 62.2  
 8–14 days 302 38.3 301 37.0 0.578 603 37.6 167 39.7 150 35.7 159 37.4 127 37.8 0.702
Sex of caregiver
 Male 157 19.9 132 16.2   289 18.0 82 19.5 128 30.5 24 5.6 55 16.4  
 Female 631 80.1 682 83.8 0.054 1313 82.0 339 80.5 292 69.5 401 94.4 281 83.6 < 0.001
Caregiver age in years
 18–24 196 24.9 220 27.0   416 26.0 112 26.6 118 28.1 113 26.6 73 21.7  
 25–34 367 46.6 375 46.1   742 46.3 200 47.5 174 41.4 203 47.8 165 49.1  
 35–44 161 20.4 169 20.8   330 20.6 83 19.7 83 19.8 78 18.4 86 25.6  
 ≥ 45 64 8.1 50 6.1 0.397 114 7.1 26 6.2 45 10.7 31 7.3 12 3.6 0.002
Caregiver education level
 None 358 45.4 393 48.4   751 46.9 102 24.2 280 66.8 341 80.4 28 8.3  
 Primary 196 24.9 186 22.9   382 23.9 118 28.0 122 29.1 77 18.2 65 19.3  
 Secondary or higher 234 29.7 233 28.7 0.464 467 29.2 201 47.7 17 4.1 6 1.4 243 72.3 < 0.001
Literacy of caregiver
 Cannot read 409 56.9 422 59.4   831 58.1 114 30.8 316 75.4 364 85.6 37 17.1  
 Can read part of test sentence 73 10.2 78 11.0   151 10.6 44 11.9 46 11.0 38 8.9 23 10.6  
 Read all of test sentence 229 31.9 204 28.7   433 30.3 197 53.2 57 13.6 23 5.4 156 72.2  
 No card in appropriate language 8 1.1 7 1.0 0.607 15 1.0 15 4.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 < 0.001
Wealth index of caregiver
 Poorest 163 21.1 153 19.1   316 20.1 3 0.7 160 38.9 153 36.6 0 0.0  
 2nd 145 18.8 170 21.2   315 20.0 27 6.5 128 31.1 153 36.6 7 2.1  
 Middle 164 21.2 151 18.8   315 20.0 79 18.9 98 23.8 103 24.6 35 10.6  
 4th 174 22.5 141 17.6   315 20.0 177 42.4 23 5.6 9 2.2 106 32.1  
 Wealthiest 127 16.4 188 23.4 0.002 315 20.0 131 31.4 2 0.5 0 0.0 182 55.2 < 0.001