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Table 4 Random effects multivariate logistic regression models of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of caregivers’ recall of treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT): associations with follow-up and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Measuring malaria diagnosis and treatment coverage in population-based surveys: a recall validation study in Mali among caregivers of febrile children under 5 years

  Sensitivity Specificity Accuracy
AOR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Type of facility
 Public urban 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Public rural 5.44 (0.40, 74.0) 0.203 0.72 (0.25, 2.07) 0.539 2.57 (0.72, 9.14) 0.144
 CHW 12.21 (1.33, 111.75) 0.027 2.22 (0.70, 7.08) 0.176 5.00 (1.66, 15.03) 0.004
 Private urban 0.53 (0.06, 4.81) 0.573 0.94 (0.30, 2.95) 0.912 0.32 (0.10, 1.01) 0.051
Region
 Bamako 1.08 (0.12, 9.95) 0.945 3.42 (1.10, 10.63) 0.033 3.74 (1.19, 11.74) 0.024
 Sikasso 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Time period
 Before SMC 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 During SMC 1.24 (0.84, 1.85) 0.278 0.33 (0.17, 0.53) 0.001 0.91 (0.70, 1.18) 0.469
Child’s age in years
 < 1 0.90 (0.46, 1.74) 0.753 1.00 (0.39, 2.57) 0.992 1.47 (1.11, 2.54) 0.015
 1 0.88 (0.49, 1.56) 0.652 0.61 (0.24, 1.58) 0.309 1.03 (0.70, 1.52) 0.880
 2 1.28 (0.75, 2.19) 0.371 0.64 (0.26, 1.55) 0.320 1.10 (0.76, 1.59) 0.607
 3 0.99 (0.55, 1.76) 0.966 1.02 (0.38, 2.71) 0.966 1.39 (0.94, 2.07) 0.103
 4 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Child’s sex
 Male 0.84 (0.59, 1.21) 0.354 0.75 (0.43, 1.31) 0.312 0.95 (0.75, 1.21) 0.685
 Female 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Days to follow-up
 1–7 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 8–14 1.00 (0.69, 1.45) 0.992 0.83 (0.48, 1.43) 0.506 0.91 (0.71, 1.18) 0.484
Caregiver’s sex
 Male 0.87 (0.52, 1.47) 0.614 1.43 (0.61, 3.33) 0.407 1.07 (0.75, 1.52) 0.721
 Female 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Caregiver’s age
 18–24 1.17 (0.54, 2.55) 0.698 1.88 (0.53, 6.59) 0.325 1.64 (0.97, 2.76) 0.063
 25–34 1.23 (0.60, 2.52) 0.579 1.23 (0.38, 3.96) 0.734 1.42 (0.88, 2.29) 0.154
 35–44 1.99 (0.91, 4.27) 0.079 2.11 (0.57, 7.78) 0.260 1.83 (1.09, 3.06) 0.022
 ≥ 45 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Wealth index of caregiver
 Poorest 0.20 (0.08, 0.48) < 0.001 3.83 (1.02, 14.41) 0.047 0.66 (0.36, 1.18) 0.158
 2nd 0.37 (0.16, 0.87) 0.023 3.54 (1.00, 12.47) 0.049 1.02 (0.58, 1.80) 0.939
 Middle 0.72 (0.34, 1.51) 0.383 2.77 (0.89, 8.60) 0.077 1.07 (0.65, 1.76) 0.805
 4th 0.74 (0.40, 1.37) 0.337 2.15 (0.82, 5.89) 0.121 0.89 (0.59, 1.36) 0.605
 Wealthiest 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Literacy of caregiver
 Cannot read at all 0.27 (0.16, 0.46) < 0.001 0.77 (0.35, 1.69) 0.509 0.54 (0.38, 0.77) 0.001
 Can read a little 0.38 (0.19, 0.77) 0.007 2.04 (0.53, 7.94) 0.302 0.71 (0.45, 1.14) 0.159
 Can read all of sentence 1.00   1.00   1.00  
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratios, CHW community health worker, SMC seasonal malaria chemoprevention