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Table 5 Univariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with non-adherence to ACT, 2016, Guinea

From: Prescriber practices and patient adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in Guinea, 2016

Variable Non-adherent Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
n (%)
Region 0.05   0.001
Kankan 1 (0.4) Ref.   Ref.  
Boké 7 (3.3) 8.4 (1.0, 68.6)   4.5 (0.5, 38.0)  
Kindia 12 (6.3) 16.4 (2.1, 126.9)   9.9 (1.2, 78.6)  
Faranah 21 (8.3) 22.2 (3.0, 166.2)   14.9 (1.9, 113.5)  
Labé 19 (9.1) 24.4 (3.2, 183.9)   16.2 (2.1, 123.4)  
Nzérékoré 8 (3.4) 8.5 (1.1, 68.7)   7.5 (0.9, 60.9)  
Mamou 5 (2.0) 4.9 (0.6, 42.2)   3.0 (0.3, 26.3)  
Conakry 12 (5.2) 13.4 (1.7, 103.7)   7.8 (0.9, 61.8)  
Patient age (years) 0.04   < 0.001
≤ 5 25 (3.4) Ref.   Ref.  
> 5 60 (5.5) 1.6 (1.0, 2.6)   1.7 (1.8, 4.6)  
Side effects < 0.001   < 0.001
No 43 (3.1) Ref.   Ref.  
Yes 42 (9.8) 3.4 (2.2, 5.3)   2.9 (1.8, 4.6)  
Patient gender 0.55   
Female 43 (4.4) Ref.    
Male 42 (5.0) 1.1 (0.7, 1.8)    
Facility type
Hospital 34 (5.0)     
Urban health centre 36 (5.2)     
Rural health centre 15 (3.3)     
Education level 0.06   
Some education 40 (5.9) Ref.    
No education 45 (3.9) 0.7 (0.4, 1.0)    
Marital status 0.31   
Married 23 (5.6) Ref.    
Single 62 (4.4) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3)    
ACT prescribed 0.05   
AL 28 (3.6) Ref.    
ASAQ 57 (5.4) 1.5 (0.9, 2.4)