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Table 3 PPMVs’ knowledge of government-recommended anti-malarials

From: Malaria testing and treatment knowledge among selected rural patent and proprietary medicine vendors (PPMV) in Nigeria

Are the following drugs recommended by Government for curing malaria? Oyo Bayelsa Total
N = 160
N (%)
Ibarapa East
N = 40
Kajola
N = 40
Brass
N = 40
Ogbia
N = 40
N (%) N (%) N(%) N (%)
ACTa
 Named at least one ACT 33 (82.5) 34 (85.0) 36 (90.0) 39 (97.5) 142 (88.8)
 Artemether–lumefantrine 27 (67.5) 32 (80.0) 34 (85.0) 39 (97.5) 132 (82.5)
 Artesunate–amodiaquine 25 (62.5) 8 (20.0) 25 (62.5) 27 (67.5) 85 (53.1)
Any ACT
 Named at least one ACT 33 (82.5) 34 (85.0) 36 (90.0) 39 (97.5) 142 (88.8)
 Named at least one non-ACT 40 (100.0) 38 (95.0) 36 (90.0) 31 (77.5) 145 (90.6)
 Know ACT and ACT only as correct treatment 0 (0.0) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 3 (7.5) 5 (3.1)
Non-ACT anti-malarials
 Named at least one non-ACT 40 (100.0) 38 (95.0) 36 (90.0) 31 (77.5) 145 (90.6)
 Chloroquine 28 (70.0) 24 (60.0) 12 (30.0) 11 (27.5) 75 (46.9)
 Sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP) 23 (57.5) 17 (42.5) 19 (47.5) 20 (50.0) 79 (49.4)
 Artesunate monotherapy 17 (42.5) 19 (47.5) 27 (67.5) 22 (55.0) 85 (53.1)
 Quinine 10 (25.0) 22 (55.0) 18 (45.0) 21 (52.5) 71 (44.4)
Know ACT and ACT only as correct treatment 0 (0.0) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 3 (7.5) 5 (3.1)
Other treatments
 Paracetamol 38 (95.0) 35 (87.5) 26 (65.0) 24 (60.0) 123 (76.9)
 Herbal fever mixture 30 (75.0) 27 (67.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.0) 59 (36.9)
 Other 8 (20.0) 7 (17.5) 14 (35.0) 7 (17.5) 36 (22.5)
  1. aDrug treatment recommended as first-line treatment by the Government of Nigeria