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Table 5 Malaria diagnosis and treatment case studies

From: Malaria testing and treatment knowledge among selected rural patent and proprietary medicine vendors (PPMV) in Nigeria

Case studies Oyo Bayelsa Total
N = 160
N (%)
Ibarapa East
N = 40
Kajola
N = 40
Brass
N = 40
Ogbia
N = 40
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Treatment of child under 5
 Diagnosis method
  Blood sample/RDT 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.0) 1 (2.5) 3 (1.9)
  Temperature with hand 28 (70.0) 18 (45.0) 10 (25.0) 9 (22.5) 65 (40.6)
  Temperature with thermometer 3 (7.5) 12 (30.0) 19 (47.5) 23 (57.5) 57 (35.6)
  Refer to health facility 3 (7.5) 4 (10.0) 1 (2.5) 2 (5.0) 10 (6.3)
  No diagnosis method 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.3)
  Others 6 (15.0) 6 (15.0) 6 (15.0) 5 (12.5) 23 (14.4)
 Treatment
  Treatment with ACT 21 (52.5) 23 (57.5) 21 (52.5) 28 (70.0) 93 (58.1)
  Treatment with ACT and dosage correct 9 (22.5) 8 (20.0) 17 (42.5) 19 (47.5) 53 (33.1)
Adult male
 Diagnosis method
  Blood sample/RDT 0 (0.0) 2 (5.0) 3 (7.5) 7 (17.5) 12 (7.5)
  Temperature with hand 14 (35.0) 9 (22.5) 6 (15.0) 2 (5.0) 31 (19.4)
  Temperature with thermometer 7 (17.5) 11 (27.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 18 (11.3)
  Refer to health facility 4 (10.0) 4 (10.0) 18 (45.0) 18 (45.0) 44 (27.5)
  Others 15 (37.5) 14 (35.0) 13 (32.5) 13 (32.5) 55 (34.4)
 Treatment
  Treatment with ACT 22 (55.0) 19 (47.5) 32 (80.0) 31 (77.5) 104 (65.0)
  Treatment with ACT and dosage correct 12 (30.0) 10 (25.0) 27 (67.5) 26 (65.0) 75 (46.9)
Pregnant woman, 2nd trimester
 Diagnosis method
  Blood sample/RDT 2 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (7.5) 5 (3.1)
  Temperature with hand 7 (17.5) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 13 (8.1)
  Temperature with thermometer 6 (15.0) 18 (45.0) 8 (20.0) 17 (42.5) 49 (30.6)
  Refer to health facility 14 (35.0) 9 (22.5) 26 (65.0) 11 (27.5) 60 (37.5)
  Others 11 (27.5) 11 (27.5) 4 (10.0) 7 (17.5) 33 (20.6)
 Treatment
  Treatment with ACT  9 (22.5) 22 (55.0) 3 (7.5) 7 (17.5) 41 (25.6)
  Treatment with ACT and dosage correct 5 (12.5) 10 (25.0) 1 (2.5) 6 (15.0) 22 (13.8)
 Prevention
  What would you give to a pregnant woman to prevent malaria, if anything?
   Treatment with SP 4 (10.0) 14 (35.0) 8 (20.0) 8 (20.0) 34 (21.3)
   Treatment with SP and dosage correct 1 (2.5) 6 (15.0) 6 (15.0) 6 (15.0) 19 (11.9)