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Table 4 Distribution of kdr mutation in the major malaria vectors across Tanzania from 1997 to 2017

From: Dynamics and monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors across mainland Tanzania from 1997 to 2017: a systematic review

Geographical zones Species kdr Frequency (%) Refs.
1997–2000 2001–2005 2006–2010 2011–2017
Eastern zone
Dar es salaam, Muheza, Handeni, Bagamoyo and Mvomero
An. gambiae s.s. L1014S 33–84 [15, 36]
L1014F 0.07
An. arabiensis L1014S 0.6–4
L1014F 6–41
North-Eastern zone
Moshi and Babati
An. gambiae s.s. L1014S [30, 32, 36]
L1014F
An. arabiensis L1014S
L1014F 0.016 0.08–12
North-Western zone
Muleba and Sengerema
An. gambiae s.s. L1014S 24–100 [8, 9, 24, 36]
L1014F 7.7–9
An. arabiensis L1014S 1.2
L1014F 38