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Table 2 Caregivers’ exposure to ITN messages and ITN use among children under five

From: Caregiver exposure to malaria social and behaviour change messages can improve bed net use among children in an endemic country: secondary analysis of the 2015 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey

Background characteristic Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Predictor
 Caregiver exposed to at least one ITN messagea
  No 1.00 (reference)
  Yes 1.63 (1.24–2.15) < 0.001
Covariates
 Sex of child
  Male 1.00 (reference)
  Female 0.95 (0.79–1.15) 0.619
 Age of child
  0–11 months 1.00 (reference)
  12–23 months 0.96 (0.71–1.30) 0.809
  24–35 months 1.05 (0.77–1.43) 0.760
  36–47 months 0.86 (0.62–1.19) 0.359
  48–59 months 0.87 (0.61–1.25) 0.465
 Caregiver’s educational attainment
  No formal education 1.00 (reference)
  Primary education 0.92 (0.69–1.22) 0.556
  Secondary or higher education 1.03 (0.77–1.37) 0.844
 Place of residence
  Urban 1.00 (reference)
  Rural 0.71 (0.55–0.93) 0.011
 Wealth quintile
  Highest 1.00 (reference)
  Fourth 1.48 (1.08–2.04) 0.015
  Middle 2.45 (1.64–3.65) < 0.001
  Second 3.40 (2.08–5.55) < 0.001
  Lowest 3.40 (2.00–5.77) < 0.001
 Region
  North Central 1.00 (reference)
  North East 0.80 (0.59–1.09) 0.153
  North West 1.26 (0.93–1.71) 0.138
  South East 0.34 (0.23–0.50) < 0.001
  South South 0.68 (0.48–0.96) 0.029
  South West 0.56 (0.39–0.80) 0.001
 Adequate number of ITNs in householdb
  No 1.00 (reference)
  Yes 2.23 (1.82–2.72) < 0.001
 Household owns radio
  No 1.00 (reference)
  Yes 1.25 (1.02–1.54) 0.032
 Household owns television
  No 1.00 (reference)
  Yes 1.08 (0.80–1.45) 0.634
  1. In Nigeria almost all ITNs are long-lasting insecticide-treated net (LLINs). The authors used the term ITN because the analysis was conducted using data on ITNs, which include LLINs and ITNs that have been soaked with insecticide within the past 12 months
  2. ITN insecticide-treated bed net, CI confidence interval
  3. p-values that are significant at the 0.05 level are italic
  4. aDuring the 6 months preceding the survey
  5. bHousehold owns at least one ITN for every two household members