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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Household and maternal risk factors for malaria in pregnancy in a highly endemic area of Uganda: a prospective cohort study

Variable Categories Wealth index category
All (n = 753) Least poor (n = 244) Middle (n = 252) Poorest (n = 257) p
Household characteristics (%)
 Type of house constructiona Moderna 22.8 38.1 13.1 17.9 < 0.001
Traditional 77.2 61.9 86.9 82.1
 Whether airbricks were present Present 27.8 45.1 18.7 20.2 < 0.001
Not present 72.2 54.9 81.4 79.8
 Number of windows present ≥ 2 windows 19.1 32.0 13.9 12.1 < 0.001
1 window 59.4 57.0 59.1 61.9
No windows 21.5 11.1 27.0 26.1
Maternal characteristics (%)
 Level of education O level or beyond 24.7 39.3 18.7 16.7 < 0.001
None or primary 75.3 60.7 81.4 83.3
 Bed net ownership before enrolment LLIN 76.9 84.0 78.2 68.9 0.001
Untreated 14.5 11.1 14.7 17.5
No bed net 8.6 4.9 7.1 13.6
 Categories of gravidity Multigravida 50.7 54.5 51.6 46.3 0.16
Secundigravida 24.8 25.8 21.8 26.9
Primigravida 24.4 19.7 26.6 26.9
 IPTp regimen Monthly DP 50.1 46.7 52.8 50.6 0.39
Monthly SP 49.9 53.3 47.2 49.4
  1. aModern houses defined as those with plaster or cement walls, metal or wooden roof, and closed eaves; all other houses defined as traditional