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Table 2 Entomological inoculation rate (EIR) in Anopheles gambiae s.l., Anopheles funestus group and Anopheles nili group in the Péhunco and Kérou districts

From: Involvement of Anopheles nili in Plasmodium falciparum transmission in North Benin

  Biting locations Number of collected mosquitoes HBR (b/h/night) Sporozoite index (N tested) EIR (ib/h/night) EIR (ib/h/month)
Kérou Péhunco Kérou Péhunco Kérou Péhunco Kérou Péhunco Kérou Péhunco
An. gambiae s.l. Indoors 430 74 26.875a 4.625a 0.025 (121)a 0.014 (66)a 0.672 0.065 20.156a 1.943a
Outdoors 408 54 25.5a 3.375a 0.008 (120)a 0 (50)a 0.204 0 6.120b 0b
Total 838 128 26.19* 4* 0.017* (241) 0.009 (116) 0.435 0.034 13.05* 1.02
An. funestus group Indoors 9 0 0.5625b 0a 0.111 (9)a 0 0.062 0 1.873c 0
Outdoors 12 1 0.75b 0.0625a 0 (12)a 0 (1) 0 0 0d 0
Total 21 1 0.656 0.031 0.048 (21)* 0 (1) 0.031 0 0.9375 0
An. nili group Indoors 51 0 3.1875c 0 0.02 (51)a 0 0.064 0 1.913e 0
Outdoors 109 0 6.8125d 0 0.009 (109)a 0 0.061 0 1.839e 0
Total 160 0 5¥ 0 0.0125 (160)* 0 0.063 0 1.875¥ 0
  1. b/h, bite/human; ib/h, infected bite/human; N, number of mosquitoes
  2. a,b,c,d,eValues with different superscripts at the two biting locations of the same district are significantly different (p < 0.05)
  3. *,‡,¥The total values with different superscripts in a same district are significantly different (p < 0.05)