Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Allelic and genotypic frequencies at the ace-1 locus in An. gambiae s.l. populations from Togo

From: Insecticide resistance profiles of Anopheles gambiae s.l. in Togo and genetic mechanisms involved, during 3-year survey: is there any need for resistance management?

Species Agricultural practices Sites N Genotypes f (119S) [95% CI] p(HW)
119G 119G 119S
119G 119S 119S
An. coluzzii Rice KOV 2012 11 11 0 0 0.000
KOV 2013 40 29 11 0 0.138 [0.03–0.24] 1.0000
KOV 2016 10 9 1 0 0.050 [0.00–0.19]
Cotton KOL 2016 9 9 0 0 0.000
Vegetables BAG 2016 1 1 0 0 0.000
An. gambiae Rice KOV 2012 2 2 0 0 0.000
Cotton KOL 2012 18 18 0 0 0.000  
KOL 2016 8 8 0 0 0.000
Vegetables BAG 2012 31 6 18 7 0.516 [0.34–0.69] 0.4850
BAG 2013 22 2 11 9 0.659 [0.46–0.86] 1.0000
Hybrid Rice KOV 2012 16 15 0 1 0.063 [0.00–0.18] 0.0341
  1. KOV, Kovié; KOL, Kolokopé; BAG, Baguida; N, number of mosquitoes; f (119S), frequency of the 119S resistant allele; CI, confidence interval; p(HW), probability of the exact test for goodness of fit Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium