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Table 2 GEE logistic regression of factors associated with the uptake of IPTp by pregnant women

From: Assessment of the impact of availability and readiness of malaria services on uptake of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) provided during ANC visits in Tanzania

  Univariable Multivariable
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Education level
 None (ref)   1 1  
 Primary 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 1.2 (0.8–2.0)
 Secondary and above 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 1.0 (0.6–1.8)
Age
 15–24 (ref)   1   
 25–35 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
 35 and above 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 1.1 (0.8–1.6)
History of previous pregnancy
 Yes   1   
 No 1.2 (0.9–1.5)   
Number of visits at this facility for this pregnancy
 First (ref)   1   1
 Second or third 1.9*** (1.4–2.4) 1.9** (1.4–2.6)
 Fourth or more 2.3*** (1.6–3.2) 1.8** (1.2–2.9)
Availability score
 Low (ref)   1   1
 Medium 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 0.7 (0.4–1.0)
 High 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 0.8 (0.5–1.1)
Readiness score
 Low (ref)   1   1
 Medium 4.9*** (3.4–7.0) 2.8*** (1.8–4.3)
 High 3.3*** (2.2–4.9) 2.1*** (1.4–3.3)
Managing authority
 Public (ref)   1   1
 Private 1.1 (0.7–1.7) 1.4 (0.9–2.2)
Zones
 Central (ref)   1   
 Coastal zone 1.0 (0.6–1.7)   
 Lake zone 1.1 (0.7–1.9)   
 Northern zone 1.0 (0.6–1.7)   
 Southern highlands 1.0 (0.6–1.8)   
 Western zone 0.6 (0.3–1.3)   
Trimester of gestation
 2nd trimester (ref)   1   1
 3rd trimester 2.2*** (1.8–2.6) 2.6*** (2.1–3.3)
Facility location
 Urban (ref)   1   1
 Rural 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.9 (0.5–1.5)
SP stock out
 Available (ref)   1   1
 Not available today 0.09*** (0.07–0.1) 0.09*** (0.07–0.1)
 Never available 0.06*** (0.01–0.4) 0.08*** (0.01–0.5)
Facility type
 Private (ref)   1   1
 National referral/regional 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 0.9 (0.4–1.8)
 District hospital 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 1.7 (0.9–3.3)
 Health centre 0.6* (0.4–0.9) 0.8 (0.6–1.3)
 Clinic/dispensary 0.5** (0.3–0.8) 0.9 (0.5–1.4)
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05