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Table 2 Characteristics of imported malaria cases (RENAVE), Spain, 2002–2015

From: Imported cases of malaria in Spain: observational study using nationally reported statistics and surveillance data, 2002–2015

Variable n (%)
Gender
 Male 3923 (64.7)
 Female 2106 (34.8)
 Unknown 31 (0.5)
Age-groups (years)
 < 15 865 (14.3)
 15–24 596 (9.8)
 25–34 1791 (29.6)
 35–44 1612 (26.6)
 ≥ 45 1148 (18.9)
 Unknown 48 (0.8)
Classification
 Confirmed 5850 (96.5)
 Probable 210 (3.5)
Hospitalization
 No 815 (13.5)
 Yes 4543 (74.8)
 Unknown 702 (11.6)
Exitus
 No 3872 (63.9)
 Yes 35 (0.6)
 Unknown 2153 (35.5)
Country of residence
 Spain 3972 (65.6)
 Other 365 (6.0)
 Unknown 1723 (28.4)
Place of birth
 Spain 1216 (20.1)
 Other 4010 (66.2)
 Unknown 834 (13.8)
Continent of birth
 Africaa 3576 (59.0)
 America 150 (2.5)
 Asia 121 (2.0)
 Oceania 5 (0.1)
 Europe 1341 (22.1)
 Unknown 867 (14.3)
Travel reason
 VFRs 2770 (45.7)
 Immigrant 1482 (24.5)
 Tourism 610 (10.1)
 Work 695 (11.5)
 Unknown 503 (8.3)
Place of infection
 Africab 5389 (88.9)
 America 201 (3.3)
 Asia 154 (2.5)
 Oceania 14 (0.2)
 Unknown 302 (5.0)
Chemoprophylaxis
 None 3020 (49.8)
 Non complete 626 (10.3)
 Complete 243 (4.0)
 Unknown 2171 (35.8)
  1. VFRs visiting friends and relatives
  2. a1349 (37.7%) from Equatorial Guinea
  3. b2009 (37.3%) from Equatorial Guinea