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Table 4 Risk factors for failure in preventive chemotherapy, RENAVE, Spain 2002–2015

From: Imported cases of malaria in Spain: observational study using nationally reported statistics and surveillance data, 2002–2015

Variables aOR 95% CI p value
Age group (ref.: < 15 years) (years)
 15–24 1.1 1.1–2.4 0.009
 25–34 1.6 1.2–2.3 0.001
 35–44 1.8 1.3–2.4 < 0.001
 45+ 1.5 1.1–2.1 0.011
Gender (ref.: female)
 Male 1.3 1.1–1.6 0.002
Reason for travel or stay (ref.: work)
 Immigrant 3.3 2.2–4.9 < 0.001
 Tourism 1.4 1.0–1.9 0.040
 VFR 1.8 1.3–2.5 < 0.001
Born in malaria endemic country (ref.: no)a
 Yes 2.3 1.7–3.0 < 0.001
  1. aCountries endemic for malaria by 2015 [1]