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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study patients in Bosaso and Jowhar sites, Somalia

From: High therapeutic efficacy of artemether–lumefantrine and dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Somalia

Characteristic DHA–PPQ (2016) AL (2017)
Bosaso (n = 92) Jowhar (n = 108) Bosaso (n = 88) Jowhar (n = 51)
Males, n (%) 83 (90.2) 76 (70.4) 65 (73.9) 41 (80.4)
Mean age years (SD)a 25 (14.6) 9.7 (6.5) 17 (10.4) 10.2 (6)
Age group, n (%)
 < 5 years 8 (8.7) 15 (13.9) 4 (4.5) 5 (9.8)
 5 to 15 years 19 (20.6) 83 (76.8) 38 (43.2) 39 (76.5)
 ≥ 15 (adults) 65 (70.7) 10 (9.3) 46 (52.3) 7 (13.7)
Axillary temperature (°C)
 Mean (SD) 38.2 (0.3) 38.0 (0.5) 38 (0.4) 38 (0.5)
Parasitaemia (per µL)
 Geometric meanb 7466 11,074 8042 10,454
 Range (min–max) 1300–74,768 597–144,000 811–83,163 1012–79,196
 Gametocytaemia, n (%) 9 (9.8) 34 (31.5) 10 (11.4) 12 (23.5)
  1. SD, standard deviation
  2. aThe mean age of the Bosaso study population was significantly (P < 0.0001) greater than those of Jowhar for both AL and DP treatment groups
  3. bDifference between the parasite density of Jowhar and Bosaso was significant (P < 0.02)