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Table 4 Co-morbidities and other infectious diseases in the 244 afebrile patients and univariate analysis of subgroups

From: Prevalence of submicroscopic malaria infection in immigrants living in Spain

Frequency, n (%) Total N = 244 Patients with submicroscopic malaria N = 14 Negative patients N = 230 P value*
Co-morbidities 102 (41.8) 4 (28.6) 98 (42.6) 0.406
 Diabetes Mellitus 16 (6.6) 1 (7.1) 15 (6.5) 1.000
 Arterial hypertension 24 (9.8) 2 (14.3) 22 (9.6) 0.635
 Dyslipidaemia 14 (5.7) 0 14 (6.1) 1.000
 Neoplasia 8 (3.3) 0 8 (3.5) 1.000
 Transplantation 3 (1.2) 0 3 (1.3) 1.000
 Other comorbidities 72 (30.8) 2 (15.4) 70 (31.7) 0.354
Infectious diseases
 HIV 61 (25.0) 4 (28.6) 57 (24.8) 0.754
 HBV 34 (13.9) 2 (14.3) 32 (13.9) 1.000
 HCV 7 (2.9) 1 (7.1) 6 (2.6) 0.342
 Tuberculosis 20 (8.2) 1 (7.1) 19 (8.3) 1.000
 Strongyloides stercoralis 14 (5.7) 2 (14.3) 12 (5.2) 0.187
 Filariasis 6 (2.5) 2a (14.3) 4b (1.7) 0.040
 Schistosomiasis 9 (3.7) 2 (14.3) 7 (3.0) 0.087
 Intestinal parasites 8 (3.3) 1 (7.1) 7 (3.0) 0.381
  1. *P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant (in italics). Mann Whitney U-test and Fisher’s exact tests were performed for quantitative and categorical variables, respectively
  2. aOne Mansonella perstans and one lymphatic filariasis (Only serological diagnosis)
  3. bOnchocerca spp.