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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors among women aged 15–49 years who had a live birth 2 years preceding the survey, by uptake of IPTp doses, UDHS 2016

From: Factors associated with uptake of optimal doses of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Uganda: analysis of data from the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, 2016

CharacteristicN = 5901Participants’ uptake of IPTpp-value
< 3 dosesn (row %)≥ 3 dosesn (row %)
Residence   0.37
 Urban12581049 (83)209 (17) 
 Rural46433803 (82)840 (18) 
Age group (years)   < 0.01**
 15–2425112020 (80)491 (20) 
 25–3424732037 (82)436 (18) 
 > 34917796 (87)121 (13) 
Marital status   0.661
 Never married371297 (80)74 (20) 
 Married49724090 (82)882(18) 
 Separated/divorced/widowed558465 (83)93 (17) 
Education   <0.01**
 Higher education432369 (85)63 (15) 
 Secondary education13251045 (79)280 (21) 
 Primary education35782956 (83)622 (17) 
 No education566483 (85)83 (15) 
Wealth   0.06
 Richest1166970 (83)196 (17) 
 Richer1037840 (81)197 (19) 
 Middle1119903 (81)216 (19) 
 Poorer12531017 (81)236 (19) 
 Poorest13261123 (85)203 (15) 
Region of residence   <0.01**
 Kampala236200 (85)36 (15) 
 Central13661113 (81)253 (19) 
 Busoga580450 (78)130 (22) 
 Bugishu396319 (81)77 (19) 
 Acholi300249 (83)51 (17) 
 West Nile412353 (86)59 (14) 
 Bukedi168153 (91)15 (8.9) 
 Lango302234 (77)68 (23) 
 Karamoja282235 (83)47 (17) 
 Teso420338 (80)82 (20) 
 Bunyoro/Toro800657 (82)143 (18) 
 Ankole/Kigezi639551 (86)88 (14) 
Parity   0.01**
 1 child13381091 (82)247 (18) 
 2 children1107878 (79)229 (21) 
 3+ children34562883 (83)573 (17) 
Number of ANC visits   <0.01**
 < 4 times22281898 (85)330 (15) 
 ≥ 4 times35542845 (80)709 (20) 
 Unknown118109 (92)9 (7.6) 
Source of anti-malarial   0.04**
 Antenatal care45403517 (77)1023 (23) 
 Other facility visit7052 (74)18 (26) 
 Other sources2013 (65)7 (35) 
 Unknowna12711271 (100)0 (0) 
Timing to ANC   <0.01**
 1st trimester16911386 (82)305 (18) 
 2nd trimester36222929 (81)693 (19) 
 3rd trimester473428 (90)45 (10) 
 Unknowna115110 (96)5 (4.3) 
Listen to radio   0.01**
 Not at all16241365 (84)259 (16) 
 < Once a week889748 (84)141 (16) 
 ≥ Once a week33882740 (81)648 (19) 
  1. **Significant p-values, < 0.05
  2. aCategory indicating missing data