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Table 2 Factors associated with uptake of optimal doses of IPTp among women aged 15–49 years who had a live birth within 2 years preceding the survey, UDHS 2016

From: Factors associated with uptake of optimal doses of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Uganda: analysis of data from the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, 2016

Characteristic< 3 doses≥ 3 dosescOR (95% CI)p-valueaOR (95% CI)p-value
Age group (years)
 15–242020491Reference Reference 
 25–3420364370.88 (0.75–1.03)0.120.91 (0.77–1.07)0.25
 > 347961210.63 (0.49–0.81)*< 0.010.70 (0.53–0.92)**0.01
Education
 Higher education36963Reference Reference 
 Secondary10452801.56 (1.12–2.18)*0.0081.50 (1.04–2.15)**0.028
 Primary29566221.23 (0.89–1.70)0.861.27 (0.88–1.81)0.20
 No education483831.00 (0.68–1.47)0.991.42 (0.93–2.17)0.11
Marital status
 Never married29774Reference   
 Married40908820.87 (0.62–1.22)0.42  
 Separated465930.81 (0.53–1.24)0.34  
Residence
 Urban1050208Reference   
 Rural38038401.11 (0.90–1.38)0.33  
Wealth
 Poorest1123202Reference Reference 
 Poorer10172361.29 (1.05–1.57)*0.0151.16 (0.93–1.44)0.19
 Middle9032171.33 (1.06–1.67)*0.0131.20 (0.93–1.54)0.17
 Richer8401971.30 (1.04–1.63)*0.0221.10 (0.85–1.42)0.47
 Richest9701961.12 (0.87–1.45)0.381.02 (0.74–1.40)0.92
Region of residence
 Kampala20036Reference Reference 
 Central11132531.27 (0.84–1.92)0.261.23 (0.78–1.94)0.38
 Busoga4501301.61 (1.01–2.57)*0.0461.55 (0.93–2.58)0.092
 Bugishu319771.35 (0.85–2.15)0.201.27 (0.76–2.15)0.36
 Acholi249511.14 (0.70–1.85)0.601.20 (0.69–2.09)0.52
 West Nile353590.93 (0.58–1.48)0.750.93 (0.55–1.56)0.77
 Bukedi153150.54 (0.28–1.06)0.0730.56 (0.26–1.21)0.14
 Lango234681.62 (0.98–2.66)0.0581.73 (1.01–2.96)**0.046
 Karamoja235471.12 (0.68–1.84)0.651.20 (0.69–2.10)0.52
 Teso338821.36 (0.83–2.21)0.221.35 (0.78–2.34)0.28
 Bunyoro/Toro6571431.21 (0.81–1.83)0.351.19 (0.75–1.89)0.46
 Ankole/Kigezi551880.89 (0.57–1.41)0.620.83 (0.51–1.38)0.48
Parity
 1 child1091247Reference   
 2 children8782301.15 (0.92–1.45)0.92  
 3+ children28835720.88 (0.74–1.04)0.74  
Number of ANC visits
 < 4 times1898331Reference Reference 
 ≥ 4 times28457091.43 (1.22–1.69)*< 0.011.34 (1.12–1.60)**0.001
 Unknown10990.46 (0.20–1.07)0.07  
Source of antimalarial
 ANC35171023Reference   
 Other facility visit52181.19 (0.65–2.17)0.57  
 Other sources1371.86 (0.69–4.99)0.22  
 Unknown12710  
Timing of ANC visit
 1st trimester1386305Reference Reference 
 2nd trimester29296931.07 (0.90–1.28)0.421.13 (0.93–1.36)0.22
 3rd trimester428450.48 (0.32–0.70)*< 0.010.58 (0.38–0.87)**0.009
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 Not at all1365259Reference Reference 
 < Once a week7481421.00 (0.76–1.32)0.991.05 (0.79–1.40)0.73
 ≥ Once a week27396481.25 (1.05–1.49)*0.0131.23 (1.02–1.48)**0.028
  1. *Significant variables at the bivariate analysis
  2. **Significant variables at the multivariate logistic regression